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Leadership plays a vital role in driving forward such changes…

In a follow up article, The 3 Main Conclusions and Findings from New Research about Culture Change in Organisations, it was noted that research has shown that at work “most people take their cultural cues for behaviour and beliefs from the following areas of their life” in descending order: UPDATE 8 December 2016: Aerossurance founder, Andy Evans, presented on the topic of safety leadership at a UK CAA helicopter safety culture seminar today.

Inculcation of a safety culture requires that, in training personnel for nuclear plants, particular emphasis be placed on the reasons for the establishment of safety practices and on the consequences in terms of safety of failures on the part of personnel to perform their duties properly.

Special emphasis must be placed on the reasons for the establishment of safety limits and the consequences in terms of safety of violating them.

The difficulty is that once a culture is set and norms are established, it can be hard to change the status quo.

Changing a culture of fear and blame can therefore be difficult.

INSAG concluded that the need to create and maintain a ‘safety culture’ is a precondition for ensuring nuclear power plant safety.

If the Chernobyl accident is assessed in terms of this safety culture concept, it can be seen that not only those involved in the operational stage lacked an adequate safety culture, but also those involved in other stages of the lifetime of a nuclear power plant (designers, engineers, constructors, equipment manufacturers, ministerial and regulatory bodies, etc.).You may also be interested in these Aerossurance articles: Prof James Reason published this paper in 1998: Achieving a safe culture: theory and practice Prof Patrick Hudson proposed the following model (developed from earlier work by Ron Westrum): When discussing this model, Hudson wittily explains why brown was chosen as the colour for the pathological to whom bad things just happen…In a Health and Safety Executive (HSE) report from 2000 this similar model was proposed: However, the authors caution “the model is provided to illustrate the concept and it is not intended to be used as a diagnostic instrument”. Mr Justice Haddon-Cave addressed delegates at Piper 25 (a conference to mark the 25th anniversary of Piper Alpha offshore disaster in the North Sea, in which 167 workers died).At the reactor was shook by two massive explosions.Over the coming months many emergency workers were to die and many more members of the off site population exposed to harmful levels of radiation, with widespread environmental effects across many countries.

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