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"Although fiction and non-fiction books come in e-book formats, technical material is especially suited for e-book delivery because it can be [electronically] searched" for keywords.In addition, for programming books, code examples can be copied.Hart planned to create documents using plain text to make them as easy as possible to download and view on devices. Another early e-book implementation was the desktop prototype for a proposed notebook computer, the Dynabook, in the 1970s at PARC: a general-purpose portable personal computer capable of displaying books for reading. Detailed specifications were completed in FY 1981/82, and prototype development began with Texas Instruments that same year.Four prototypes were produced and delivered for testing in 1986, and tests were completed in 1987.Schuessler correlates it with a DJ spinning bits of old songs to create a beat or an entirely new song, as opposed to just a remix of a familiar song.The inventor of the first e-book is not widely agreed upon.Some notable candidates include the following: In 1949, Ángela Ruiz Robles, a teacher from Ferrol, Spain, patented the Enciclopedia Mecánica, or the Mechanical Encyclopedia, a mechanical device which operated on compressed air where text and graphics were contained on spools that users would load onto rotating spindles.Her idea was to create a device which would decrease the number of books that her pupils carried to school.
S.; by 2014, 28% of adults had read an e-book, compared to 23% in 2013.FRESS documents ran on IBM mainframes and were structure-oriented rather than line-oriented; they were formatted dynamically for different users, display hardware, window sizes, and so on, as well as having automated tables of contents, indexes, and so on.All these systems also provided extensive hyperlinking, graphics, and other capabilities.However, this work is sometimes omitted; perhaps because the digitized text was a means for studying written texts and developing linguistic concordances, rather than as a published edition in its own right.Alternatively, some historians consider electronic books to have started in the early 1960s, with the NLS project headed by Doug Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute (SRI), and the Hypertext Editing System and FRESS projects headed by Andries van Dam at Brown University.