1 bitcoin to bitcoin


Как заработать Биткоины без вложений

Здравствуйте, в этой статье мы расскажем про виртуальную валюту — биткоин.

Сегодня вы узнаете:

  1. Как заработать биткоины с вложениями и без них.
  2. Что делать с биткоинами.
  3. Сколько на них зарабатывают.

Рабочие способы заработка биткоинов

Сначала посмотрите 3 минутное видео, где буквально «на пальцах» рассказывается о криптовалюте Биткоин:

Зарабатывать биткоины с помощью компьютера становится сложней. Всего несколько лет назад, когда Bitcoin только начинал свою «раскрутку», заработать среднестатистическую зарплату работника офиса было возможно любому человеку. Сейчас же, с появлением большой конкуренции, приходится придумывать новые способы реального заработка монеты.

Майнинг

Майнинг – это добыча валюты с помощью видеокарты, один из первых способов заработка криптовалюты. У него есть минусы, хотя считается он самым надежным и прибыльным.

Примерно два года назад зарабатывать можно было благодаря видеокарте, что не требовало никаких затрат. Все заключалось в том, что «охотник» за валютой в игровой форме строил золотые шахты, добывал золото и менял их на реальные деньги.

Сейчас же, для того чтобы зарабатывать, нужно создать или купить специальную конфигурацию компьютера с дорогой видеокартой. Мало того что на конфигурацию уйдут огромные деньги, так еще и за электроэнергию придется платить в два раза больше. Именно поэтому майнинг, как невыгодный метод, каждый месяц спускается с вершины по ступеньке вниз.

Плюсы майнинга на собственном компьютере

Минусы майнинга на собственном компьютере

1. Имеется возможность продать оборудование с дисконтом в любое время.

2. Полная минимизация спекуляций.

3. Вы сами выбираете, за какой валютой «охотиться».

4. Автоматический заработок биткоинов.

1. Оборудование при таком обращении имеет высокий риск поломки. Ко всему этому добавляется малая вероятность гарантийного обслуживания.

2. Шум и увеличение использования электроэнергии вдвое.

3. В собственной квартире нет возможности создавать большие фермы.

4. Из-за перебоев интернета работа прерывается полностью (даже если она длилась уже несколько дней), и запускать ферму приходится заново.

Предложение майнинга среди «охотников» рассматривается лишь в том случае, если есть возможность платить половину стоимости электроэнергии или вообще не платить за нее.

Облачный майнинг

Суть облачного майнинга состоит в том, что не надо тратиться на компьютер, видеокарту и так далее. Вам предлагают аренду вычислительной мощности на удаленных серверах. Однако, облачный майнинг практически полностью «атаковали» мошенники, которые после полученной платы за аренду успешно скрываются. Поэтому будьте с этим осторожны.

Покупка мощностей происходит в хэшах. Система увеличения компьютерной единицы идентична байтам. Желательно приобретать Гига или Терахэши. Это более надежный вариант.

Средняя стоимость одного Гигахэша зависит от курса валюты. Например, в 2016 году 1 биткоин стоил около 650 долларов. 1 Гигахэш обходился в 0,0006 биткоинов (0,47 долларов). Этого будет вполне достаточно для стабильного заработка 1 биткоина в неделю.

Плюсы облачного майнинга

Минусы облачного майнинга

1. Приемлемые вложения на старте.

2. Пассивный доход.

3. Не нужно приобретать оборудование в личное пользование.

1. Развитие мошенничества.

2. Бесконтрольность заработанных средств.

3. Негибкая система валюты: невозможно моментально перейти с одной криптовалюты на другую.

Инвестиции

Bitcoin появился в 2008 году и стоил он ничтожно мало. В 2017 году стоимость выросла в миллион раз. Инвестиция имеет определенный риск. При долгосрочном вложении в криптовалюту, возможен как рост цены, ее остановка, так и понижение.

По истечении нескольких лет многие люди жалеют, что не внесли инвестиции, например, в 2013 году. Именно в конце этого года начался рост цены, которая позже поднялась «до небес».

Ферма биткоинов

Ферма для майнинга – цепь из компьютеров, которые круглосуточно, 365 дней в году, выполняют вычисления. Работа фермы заключается в том, что вы предоставляете определенной программе вычислительную мощность своего компьютера. Видеокарты, встроенные в ферму, работают на пределе своих возможностей.

Фермы занимают позицию пирамиды. Выгодны они лишь тем, кто начал этим заниматься во времена зарождения и «раскрутки» криптовалюты. Многие люди, узнав, что майнинг ферма приносит 1 000 долларов в месяц, тратят на нее целые состояния, но что происходит потом?

Возможно, в первый месяц ферма и даст желанные деньги. Но дело в том, что со временем растет запрашиваемая программой и серверами вычислительная мощность. А мощность вашей фермы осталась такой же, как и в первом месяце. В связи с этим заработок будет снижаться.

В лучшем случае хозяин такого устройства начинает пытаться что-то исправить, но ничего не выходит, и поэтому приходится продавать ферму.

Далее, второй подводный камень: ваша ферма работала на износ, например, около полугода или год. Купили вы ее за 100 000 – 150 000 тысяч рублей, а через год стоимость ее из-за постоянной работы будет составлять около 60 000 тысяч рублей.

Но кто-то же на этих фермах зарабатывает? Да, на вычислительной мощности зарабатывают очень неплохие деньги те, кто скупает ангары и полностью заполняет их фермами. Они вкладывают несколько миллионов, покупают около сотни тысяч видеокарт. Это приносит доход, но новички, наступившие на второй подводный камень, зарабатывают только продажей этих самых майнинг ферм.

Чтобы не попасться на крючок тех, кто продает фермы, спросите себя: а почему он ее продает, если она приносит доход? Истинные майнеры, которые знают все тонкости и нюансы заработка, не отважатся на решение по продаже того, что приносит доход.

Как работает ферма, и за что вы получаете деньги

Bitcoin – децентрализованная единица. У нее нет единого сервера или разработчика, который бы этим занимался. Именно поэтому при скачивании специального программного обеспечения для майнинга вы превращаете свой компьютер в частицу сервера. И таких, как вы, достаточно много. Если собрать все эти частицы воедино, то получится мощнейший сервер.

Чтобы у людей был стимул оставаться частью сервера, система платит вознаграждение в виде виртуальной валюты. То есть, майнеры получают за то, что отдают мощность своего компьютера системе.

Запомните, что быстро заработать биткоины невозможно, также невозможно заработать их просто поставив ферму на подоконник и занимаясь своими делами. Это своеобразный бизнес, в котором нужно ждать окупаемости, над ним необходимо постоянно работать, вникать в новые тонкости и ежедневно следить за курсом виртуальной валюты.

Заработок биткоинов без вложений

Заработать на биткоинах с нуля вполне возможно, но это отнимет много времени. На данный момент существует огромное количество серверов, которые предлагают бесплатно получить валюту, точнее, сатоши (одна стомиллионная часть биткоина). От вас лишь требуется вводить капчи, переходить на сайты или смотреть видео. В общем, полноценная работа фрилансера.

Где заработать биткоины

Сервера бесплатных биткоинов называются биткоин-краны. Размер заработка невысок, но и вы сложных задач вы не выполняете. Изначально краны были созданы для «раскрутки» валюты, но сейчас они являются самым легким и популярным заработком. Плюсом к этому, на всех серверах действует реферальная программа. Привлекая партнеров, вы получаете дополнительный доход.

Плюсы

Минусы

1. Заработок без вложений.2. Большое разнообразие серверов.

3. Вы сами устанавливаете время для заработка.

4. Доход без каких-либо ограничений.

1. Занимает много времени.2. Не подходит на роль основного дохода.

Несколько способов заработать валюту без вложений:

  1. Сбор биткоинов.

Самый простой способ получения биткоинов. Зарегистрированному пользователю предлагают либо ввести капчу, либо просмотреть рекламу, а после окончания действия – платят от 50 до 200 сатоши.

Обычно, на подобных кранах есть таймер ввода капчи или просмотра рекламы. На некоторых сайтах ввод можно повторять через каждые пять минут, а на других – каждый час. Опытные «охотники» предлагают заводить 10 — 20 серверов по добыче монеты, потому что с одного такого крана даже средний заработок получить очень сложно.

  1. Партнерские программы.

Если у вас есть блог или хорошо раскрученная социальная сеть, то этот способ именно для вас. Можно оставлять партнерские ссылки на биткоин-краны там, где их увидит некоторое количество людей. Таким образом, мы опять вернулись к реферальной системе. За рефералов, то есть, партнеров, сервис определяет вам процент.

  1. Автоматический заработок на кранах.

Заработок на автомате – самый лучший вариант для поиска виртуальной валюты. Это достаточно простой способ, который подходит для тех, кто желает получить прибыль вообще без каких-либо действий. Для того чтобы заработать, требуется просто установить на компьютер специальное приложение STARTAVTOBET, и оно будет приносить вам деньги в автоматическом режиме.

Что делать с заработанными биткоинами

Если вы заработали свой первый биткоин, то появляется вопрос: что вообще с ним делать? Прежде чем начать рабочую деятельность, любой сервер, на котором вы захотите регистрироваться, предложит открытие кошелька, с которым он сотрудничает.

Это абсолютно такая же система, как, например, если бы вы платили ребенку за обучение через партнерский банк ВУЗа: минимальная комиссия или вообще ее отсутствие, а деньги поступят стопроцентно. Многие биткоин-краны выводят заработок автоматически, если вы ввели номер своего кошелька.

После того как успешно заработана первая криптовалюта, то ее непременно нужно вывести. Многие продвинутые «работники» советуют не ждать удвоения или повышения курса, а выводить суммы сразу же, потому что есть огромный риск «прогореть».

Вывод биткоинов

Вывести биткоины на электронный счет законно. К сожалению, обналичить эту валюту нельзя, но были замечены случаи, когда ей расплачивались в интернет-магазинах.

Доступны следующие способы получения криптовалюты:

  1. Вывести можно через биржи.

Биржевые системы заполонили интернет. Они позволяют пользователям заниматься системой покупок и продаж, а также конвертацией криптовалюты (конвертация – свойство валют обмениваться между собой). Комиссия на биржах самая минимальная, но нужно ждать, пока на ваш товар найдется покупатель.

Популярная биржа – большой шанс быстро разменять монету. Самыми надежными биржами считаются те, что после регистрации просят внести депозит и пройти верификацию, и только после этого предоставляют полный список операций.

  1. Обменники.

Самый надежный и проверенный способ многими людьми. Практически моментальные выплаты на желаемые вами кошельки. Но конечно же, обменник требует плату за свои операции.

  1. Форумы.

Это, пожалуй, самый небезопасный способ обмена валюты. Строится он через форум на полном доверии незнакомых людей друг к другу. И здесь шанс стать участником нечестной сделки возрастает.

На специализированных форумах есть возможность найти конкретное лицо, с которым у вас совершится транзакция, но это займет некоторое количество времени. Плюсы этого варианта заключаются в нулевой комиссии и мгновенном обмене.

Сколько зарабатывают на биткоинах

Чем больше людей будет майнить или регистрироваться на биткоин-кранах, тем меньше вы будете зарабатывать. Представьте круг, который разделен на десять равных частей. Круг – это информация, которую вам нужно обработать, и за этот обработанный круг платят 20 биткоинов.

Таких как вы – десять человек, и когда вы обработаете этот круг, вам попадет в кошелек одна десятая всех денег. А теперь представьте, что про этот круг узнает еще тысяча человек, значит, теперь вознаграждение будет в тысячу раз меньше.

Курс биткоина ничем не обеспечен и крайне нестабилен. Он меняется практически каждый час. Это происходит потому, что его падение и повышение зависит лишь от двух факторов: покупки и продажи.

Пример. Если один человек решит продать десять биткоинов, то курс упадет достаточно низко, а если решит их приобрести, то курс возрастет. Также он напрямую зависит от новостей. Если известная информационная газета напишет о том, что криптовалюту хотят заблокировать, то курс сравняется практически с минимумом.

При рассмотрении майнинга в варианте заработка на криптовалюте дневной доход будет составлять около 600 рублей в день. И это при самом мощном игровом компьютере. Если же взять компьютер средней мощности, то максимальный доход составит 50-60 рублей.

Альтернативные способы заработка на биткоинах

Люди не очень хотят ждать, пока раскрутится их облачный майнинг или наберется определенное количество сатоши на биткоин-кране.

Для того чтобы заработать 1 биткоин в неделю, можно применить следующие способы:

  1. Воспользоваться удвоителями криптовалюты.

Удвоители действуют по системе «вкладывай – получай в два раза больше». В этом случае нужно быть аккуратным и не прыгать в омут с головой. Новички, которые вкладывают большие суммы для получения, как им кажется, такой же криптовалюты, остаются ни с чем.

В случае «победы» над удвоителем рекомендуется пользоваться только теми серверами, которые предлагают небольшие проценты (2-3% за сутки). «Прокручивать» несколько раз деньги тоже не нужно. Лучше сделать это один раз, снять и вкладывать суммы дальше. Так будет надежней, и вы точно не «прогорите».

Принцип работы удвоителей строится на приходе в систему новичков, которые вкладывают деньги. Выплаты в этом случае действующим участникам продолжаются. Но такие сервера позже превращаются в скамы и забываются.

Заработок на честных сервисах строится не по принципу пирамиды, как будущие скамы, а по принципу работы вкладов в официальных финансовых организациях, где платят небольшой процент на остаток по счету. Для того чтобы заработать 1 биткоин в неделю, нужно вложить 15.

  1. Казино.

На биткоин-кранах существуют небольшие лотереи или казино. При накопленной сумме в несколько сотен сатоши есть возможность выиграть в казино и заработать валюту бесплатно.

  1. Биржа.

Трейдерам уже не хочется зарабатывать один биткоин в неделю. Они хотят того же результата за несколько дней или даже часов. Торговля происходит по стандартной рыночной системе: покупаем дешевле, а продаем дороже.

Курс валюты не зависит ни от каких воздействий. Главная задача трейдера – не паниковать, когда курс начнет стремительно снижаться. Просто дождитесь того времени, когда цена снова поднимется и продайте. За свое терпение вы получите весьма приличные деньги.

Понравилась статья? Отблагодарите автора, поделитесь с друзьями!

Также обязательно прочитайте:

kakzarabativat.ru

History of bitcoin - Wikipedia

Number of bitcoin transactions per month (logarithmic scale)

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange that uses cryptography to control its creation and management, rather than relying on central authorities.[1] The presumed pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto integrated many existing ideas from the cypherpunk community when creating bitcoin.

Pre-history[edit]

Prior to the release of bitcoin there were a number of digital cash technologies starting with the issuer based ecash protocols of David Chaum [2] and Stefan Brands. Adam Back developed hashcash, a proof-of-work scheme for spam control. The first proposals for distributed digital scarcity based cryptocurrencies were Wei Dai's b-money[3] and Nick Szabo's bit gold.[4][5]Hal Finney developed reusable proof of work (RPOW) using hashcash as its proof of work algorithm.[6]

In the bit gold proposal which proposed a collectible market based mechanism for inflation control, Nick Szabo also investigated some additional enabling aspects including a Byzantine fault-tolerant asset registry to store and transfer the chained proof-of-work solutions.[5]

There has been much speculation as to the identity of Satoshi Nakamoto with suspects including Wei Dai, Hal Finney and accompanying denials.[7][8] The possibility that Satoshi Nakamoto was a computer collective in the European financial sector has also been discussed.[9]

Creation[edit]

On 18 August 2008, the domain name bitcoin.org was registered.[10] In November that year, a link to a paper authored by Satoshi Nakamoto titled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System[11] was posted to a cryptography mailing list.[10] This paper detailed methods of using a peer-to-peer network to generate what was described as "a system for electronic transactions without relying on trust".[12][13][14] In January 2009, the bitcoin network came into existence with the release of the first open source bitcoin client and the issuance of the first bitcoins,[12][15][16][17] with Satoshi Nakamoto mining the first block of bitcoins ever (known as the genesis block), which had a reward of 50 bitcoins. Embedded in the coinbase of this block was the text:

The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks.[18]

One of the first supporters, adopters, contributor to bitcoin and receiver of the first bitcoin transaction was programmer Hal Finney. Finney downloaded the bitcoin software the day it was released, and received 10 bitcoins from Nakamoto in the world's first bitcoin transaction.[19][20] Other early supporters were Wei Dai, creator of bitcoin predecessor b-money, and Nick Szabo, creator of bitcoin predecessor bit gold.[21]

In the early days, Nakamoto is estimated to have mined 1 million bitcoins.[22] Before disappearing from any involvement in bitcoin, Nakamoto in a sense handed over the reins to developer Gavin Andresen, who then became the bitcoin lead developer at the Bitcoin Foundation, the 'anarchic' bitcoin community's closest thing to an official public face.[23]

The value of the first bitcoin transactions were negotiated by individuals on the bitcointalk forums with one notable transaction of 10,000 BTC used to indirectly purchase two pizzas delivered by Papa John's.[12]

On 6 August 2010, a major vulnerability in the bitcoin protocol was spotted. Transactions weren't properly verified before they were included in the transaction log or blockchain, which let users bypass bitcoin's economic restrictions and create an indefinite number of bitcoins.[24][25] On 15 August, the vulnerability was exploited; over 184 billion bitcoins were generated in a transaction, and sent to two addresses on the network. Within hours, the transaction was spotted and erased from the transaction log after the bug was fixed and the network forked to an updated version of the bitcoin protocol.[26][27] This was the only major security flaw found and exploited in bitcoin's history.[24][25]

2011[edit]

Based on bitcoin's open source code, other cryptocurrencies started to emerge.[28]

The Electronic Frontier Foundation, a non-profit group, started accepting bitcoins in January 2011,[29] stopped accepting them in June 2011,[30] and began again in May 2013.[31]

In June 2011 Wikileaks[32] and other organizations began to accept bitcoins for donations. The Electronic Frontier Foundation began, and then temporarily suspended, bitcoin acceptance, citing concerns about a lack of legal precedent about new currency systems.[33] The EFF's decision was reversed on 17 May 2013 when they resumed accepting bitcoin.[34]

On 22 March 2011 WeUseCoins published the first viral video [35] which has had over 6.4 million views. In September 2011 Vitalik Buterin co-founded Bitcoin Magazine. On 23 December 2011, Douglas Feigelson of BitBills filed a patent application for "Creating And Using Digital Currency" with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, an action which was contested based on prior art in June 2013.[36][37]

2012[edit]

In January 2012, bitcoin was featured as the main subject within a fictionalized trial on the CBS legal drama The Good Wife in the third-season episode "Bitcoin for Dummies". The host of CNBC's Mad Money, Jim Cramer, played himself in a courtroom scene where he testifies that he doesn't consider bitcoin a true currency, saying "There's no central bank to regulate it; it's digital and functions completely peer to peer".[38]

In September 2012, the Bitcoin Foundation was launched to "accelerate the global growth of bitcoin through standardization, protection, and promotion of the open source protocol". The founders were Gavin Andresen, Jon Matonis, Patrick Murck, Charlie Shrem, and Peter Vessenes.[39]

In October 2012, BitPay reported having over 1,000 merchants accepting bitcoin under its payment processing service.[40] In November 2012, WordPress had started accepting bitcoins.[41]

2013[edit]

In February 2013 the bitcoin-based payment processor Coinbase reported selling US$1 million worth of bitcoins in a single month at over $22 per bitcoin.[42] The Internet Archive announced that it was ready to accept donations as bitcoins and that it intends to give employees the option to receive portions of their salaries in bitcoin currency.[43]

In March the bitcoin transaction log called the blockchain temporarily split into two independent chains with differing rules on how transactions were accepted. For six hours two bitcoin networks operated at the same time, each with its own version of the transaction history. The core developers called for a temporary halt to transactions, sparking a sharp sell-off.[44] Normal operation was restored when the majority of the network downgraded to version 0.7 of the bitcoin software.[44] The Mt. Gox exchange briefly halted bitcoin deposits and the exchange rate briefly dipped by 23% to $37 as the event occurred[45][46] before recovering to previous level of approximately $48 in the following hours.[47] In the US, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) established regulatory guidelines for "decentralized virtual currencies" such as bitcoin, classifying American "bitcoin miners" who sell their generated bitcoins as Money Service Businesses (or MSBs), that may be subject to registration and other legal obligations.[48][50]

In April, payment processors BitInstant and Mt. Gox experienced processing delays due to insufficient capacity[51] resulting in the bitcoin exchange rate dropping from $266 to $76 before returning to $160 within six hours.[52] Bitcoin gained greater recognition when services such as OkCupid and Foodler began accepting it for payment.[53]

On 15 May 2013, the US authorities seized accounts associated with Mt. Gox after discovering that it had not registered as a money transmitter with FinCEN in the US.[54][55]

On 17 May 2013, it was reported that BitInstant processed approximately 30 percent of the money going into and out of bitcoin, and in April alone facilitated 30,000 transactions,[56]

On 23 June 2013, it was reported that the US Drug Enforcement Administration listed 11.02 bitcoins as a seized asset in a United States Department of Justice seizure notice pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 881.[57] It is the first time a government agency has claimed to have seized bitcoin.[58][59]

In July 2013 a project began in Kenya linking bitcoin with M-Pesa, a popular mobile payments system, in an experiment designed to spur innovative payments in Africa.[60] During the same month the Foreign Exchange Administration and Policy Department in Thailand stated that bitcoin lacks any legal framework and would therefore be illegal, which effectively banned trading on bitcoin exchanges in the country.[61][62] According to Vitalik Buterin, a writer for Bitcoin Magazine, "bitcoin's fate in Thailand may give the electronic currency more credibility in some circles", but he was concerned it didn't bode well for bitcoin in China.[63]

On 6 August 2013, Federal Judge Amos Mazzant of the Eastern District of Texas of the Fifth Circuit ruled that bitcoins are "a currency or a form of money" (specifically securities as defined by Federal Securities Laws), and as such were subject to the court's jurisdiction,[64][65] and Germany's Finance Ministry subsumed bitcoins under the term "unit of account"—a financial instrument—though not as e-money or a functional currency, a classification nonetheless having legal and tax implications.[66]

In October 2013, the FBI seized roughly 26,000 BTC from website Silk Road during the arrest of alleged owner Ross William Ulbricht.[67][68][69] Two companies, Robocoin and Bitcoiniacs launched the world's first bitcoin ATM on 29 October 2013 in Vancouver, BC, Canada, allowing clients to sell or purchase bitcoin currency at a downtown coffee shop.[70][71][72] Chinese internet giant Baidu had allowed clients of website security services to pay with bitcoins.[73]

In November 2013, the University of Nicosia announced that it would be accepting bitcoin as payment for tuition fees, with the university's chief financial officer calling it the "gold of tomorrow".[74] During November 2013, the China-based bitcoin exchange BTC China overtook the Japan-based Mt. Gox and the Europe-based Bitstamp to become the largest bitcoin trading exchange by trade volume.[75]

In December 2013, Overstock.com[76] announced plans to accept bitcoin in the second half of 2014. On 5 December 2013, the People's Bank of China prohibited Chinese financial institutions from using bitcoins.[77] After the announcement, the value of bitcoins dropped,[78] and Baidu no longer accepted bitcoins for certain services.[79] Buying real-world goods with any virtual currency has been illegal in China since at least 2009.[80]

2014[edit]

In January 2014, Zynga[81] announced it was testing bitcoin for purchasing in-game assets in seven of its games. That same month, The D Las Vegas Casino Hotel and Golden Gate Hotel & Casino properties in downtown Las Vegas announced they would also begin accepting bitcoin, according to an article by USA Today. The article also stated the currency would be accepted in five locations, including the front desk and certain restaurants.[82] The network rate exceeded 10 petahash/sec.[83]TigerDirect[84] and Overstock.com[85] started accepting bitcoin.

In early February 2014, one of the largest bitcoin exchanges, Mt. Gox,[86] suspended withdrawals citing technical issues.[87] By the end of the month, Mt. Gox had filed for bankruptcy protection in Japan amid reports that 744,000 bitcoins had been stolen.[88] Months before the filing, the popularity of Mt. Gox had waned as users experienced difficulties withdrawing funds.[89]

In June 2014 the network exceeded 100 petahash/sec.[90] On 18 June 2014, it was announced that bitcoin payment service provider BitPay would become the new sponsor of St. Petersburg Bowl under a two-year deal, renamed the Bitcoin St. Petersburg Bowl. Bitcoin was to be accepted for ticket and concession sales at the game as part of the sponsorship, and the sponsorship itself was also paid for using bitcoin.[91]

In July 2014 Newegg and Dell[92] started accepting bitcoin.

In September 2014 TeraExchange, LLC, received approval from the U.S.Commodity Futures Trading Commission "CFTC" to begin listing an over-the-counter swap product based on the price of a bitcoin. The CFTC swap product approval marks the first time a U.S. regulatory agency approved a bitcoin financial product.[93]

In December 2014 Microsoft began to accept bitcoin to buy Xbox games and Windows software.[94]

2015[edit]

In January 2015 Coinbase raised 75 million USD as part of a Series C funding round, smashing the previous record for a bitcoin company.[95] Less than one year after the collapse of Mt. Gox, United Kingdom-based exchange Bitstamp announced that their exchange would be taken offline while they investigate a hack which resulted in about 19,000 bitcoins (equivalent to roughly US$5 million at that time) being stolen from their hot wallet.[96] The exchange remained offline for several days amid speculation that customers had lost their funds. Bitstamp resumed trading on 9 January after increasing security measures and assuring customers that their account balances would not be impacted.[97]

In March 2015 21 Inc announced it had raised 116 million USD in venture funding, the largest amount for any digital currency-related companies.[98]

As of August 2015 it was estimated that 160,000 merchants accept bitcoin payments.[99]Barclays announced that they would become the first UK high street bank to start accepting bitcoin, with a plan to facilitate users to make charitable donations using the cryptocurrency outside their systems.[100] They partnered in April 2016 with mobile payment startup Circle Internet Financial.[101]

In October 2015, a proposal was submitted to the Unicode Consortium to add a codepoint for the bitcoin symbol.[102]

2016[edit]

In January 2016, the network rate exceeded 1 exahash/sec.[103]

In March 2016, the Cabinet of Japan recognized virtual currencies like bitcoin as having a function similar to real money.[104]Bidorbuy, the largest South African online marketplace, launched bitcoin payments for both buyers and sellers.[105]

In April 2016, Steam started accepting bitcoin as payment for video games and other online media.[106]

In July 2016, researchers published a paper showing that by November 2013 bitcoin commerce was no longer driven by "sin" activities but instead by legitimate enterprises.[107] Uber switched to bitcoin in Argentina after the government blocked credit card companies from dealing with Uber.[108]

In August 2016, a major bitcoin exchange, Bitfinex, was hacked and nearly 120,000 BTC (around $60m) was stolen.[109]

In September 2016, the number of bitcoin ATMs had doubled over the last 18 months and reached 771 ATMs worldwide.[110]

In November 2016, the Swiss Railway operator SBB (CFF) upgraded all their automated ticket machines so that bitcoin could be bought from them using the scanner on the ticket machine to scan the bitcoin address on a phone app.[111]

Bitcoin generates more academic interest year after year; the number of Google Scholar articles published mentioning bitcoin grew from 83 in 2009, to 424 in 2012, and 3580 in 2016. Also, the academic Ledger (journal) published its first issue. It is edited by Peter Rizun.

2017[edit]

The number of businesses accepting bitcoin continues to increase. In January 2017, NHK reported the number of online stores accepting bitcoin in Japan had increased 4.6 times over the past year.[112] BitPay CEO Stephen Pair declared the company's transaction rate grew 3× from January 2016 to February 2017, and explained usage of bitcoin is growing in B2B supply chain payments.[113]

Bitcoin gains more legitimacy among lawmakers and legacy financial companies. For example, Japan passed a law to accept bitcoin as a legal payment method,[114] and Russia has announced that it will legalize the use of cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin.[115] And Norway’s largest online bank, Skandiabanken, integrate bitcoin accounts.[116]

In March 2017, the number of GitHub projects related to bitcoin passed 10,000.[117]

Exchange trading volumes continue to increase. For the 6-month period ending March 2017, Mexican exchange Bitso saw trading volume increase 1500%.[118] Between January and May 2017 Poloniex saw an increase of more than 600% active traders online and regularly processed 640% more transactions.[119]

In June 2017, the bitcoin symbol was encoded in Unicode version 10.0 at position U+20BF (₿) in the Currency Symbols block.[120]

On 1 August 2017 bitcoin split into two derivative digital currencies, the classic bitcoin (BTC) and the Bitcoin Cash (BCH).[121]

Prices and value history[edit]

The price of a bitcoin reached US$1,139.9 on 4 January 2017. (semi logarithmic plot)

Among the factors which may have contributed to this rise were the European sovereign-debt crisis—particularly the 2012–2013 Cypriot financial crisis—statements by FinCEN improving the currency's legal standing and rising media and Internet interest.[122][123][124][125]

Until 2013, almost all market with bitcoins were in US $.[126][127][128]

As the market valuation of the total stock of bitcoins approached US$1 billion, some commentators called bitcoin prices a bubble.[129][130][131] In early April 2013, the price per bitcoin dropped from $266 to around $50 and then rose to around $100. Over two weeks starting late June 2013 the price dropped steadily to $70. The price began to recover, peaking once again on 1 October at $140. On 2 October, The Silk Road was seized by the FBI. This seizure caused a flash crash to $110. The price quickly rebounded, returning to $200 several weeks later.[132] The latest run went from $200 on 3 November to $900 on 18 November.[133] Bitcoin passed US$1,000 on 28 November 2013 at Mt. Gox.

Prices fell to around $400 in April 2014, before rallying in the middle of the year. They then declined to not much more than $200 in early 2015.[134]

Bitcoin value history (comparison to US$) Date USD : 1 BTC Notes
Jan 2009 – Mar 2010 basically none No exchanges or market, users were mainly cryptography fans who were sending bitcoins for hobby purposes representing low or no value. In March 2010, user "SmokeTooMuch" auctioned 10,000 BTC for $50 (cumulatively), but no buyer was found.[135][136]
Mar 2010 $0.003 On 17 Mar 2010, the now-defunct BitcoinMarket.com exchange is the first one that starts operating.
May 2010 less than $0.01 On 22 May 2010,[137] Laszlo Hanyecz made the first real-world transaction by buying two pizzas in Jacksonville, Florida for 10,000 BTC.[138][139][140]
July 2010 $0.08 In five days, the price grew 1000%, rising from $0.008 to $0.08 for 1 bitcoin.
Feb 2011 – April 2011 $1.00 Bitcoin takes parity with US dollar.[141]
8 July 2011 $31.00 top of first "bubble", followed by the first price drop
Dec 2011 $2.00 minimum after few months
Dec 2012 $13.00 slowly rising for a year
11 April 2013 $266 top of a price rally, during which the value was growing by 5-10% daily.
May 2013 $130 basically stable, again slowly rising.
June 2013 $100 in June slowly dropping to $70, but rising in July to $110
Nov 2013 $350 — $1,242 from October $150–$200 in November, rising to $1,242 on 29 November 2013.[142]
Dec 2013 $600 — $1,000 Price crashed to $600, rebounded to $1,000, crashed again to the $500 range. Stabilized to the ~ $650–$800 range.
Jan 2014 $750 — $1,000 Price spiked to $1000 briefly, then settled in the $800–$900 range for the rest of the month.[143]
Feb 2014 $550 — $750 Price fell following the shutdown of Mt. Gox before recovering to the $600–$700 range.
Mar 2014 $450 — $700 Price continued to fall due to a false report regarding bitcoin ban in China [144] and uncertainty over whether the Chinese government would seek to prohibit banks from working with digital currency exchanges.[145]
Apr 2014 $340 — $530 The lowest price since the 2012–2013 Cypriot financial crisis had been reached at 3:25 AM on 11 April[146]
May 2014 $440 — $630 The downtrend first slow down and then reverse, increasing over 30% in the last days of May.
Mar 2015 $200 — $300 Price fell through to early 2015.
Early Nov 2015 $395 — $504 Large spike in value from 225–250 at the start of October to the 2015 record high of $504.
May–June 2016 $450 — $750 Large spike in value starting from $450 and reaching a maximum of $750.
July–September 2016 $600 — $630 Price stabilized in the low $600 range.
October–November 2016 $600 — $780 As the Chinese Renminbi depreciated against the US Dollar, bitcoin rose to the upper $700s.
January 2017 $800 — $1,150
5-12 January 2017 $750 — $920 Price fell 30% in a week, reaching a multi-month low of $750.
2-3 March 2017 $1,290+ Price broke above the November 2013 high of $1,242[147] and then traded above $1,290.[148]
April 2017 $1,210 — $1,250
May 2017 $2,000 Price reached a new high, reaching US$1,402.03 on 1 May 2017,[149] and over US$1,800 on 11 May 2017.[150] On 20 May 2017, the price of one bitcoin passed US$2,000 for the first time.
May–June 2017 $2,000 — $3,200+ Price reached an all-time high of $3,000 on 12 June and is oscilating around $2,500 since then. As of 6 August 2017, the price is $3,270.
August 2017 $4,400 On 5 August 2017, the price of one BTC passed US$3,000 for the first time. On 12 August 2017, the price of one BTC passed US$4,000 for the first time. Two days later, the price of one BTC passed US$4,400 for the first time.
September 2017 $5000 On 1 September 2017, bitcoin broke US$5,000 for the first time, topping out at US$5,013.91.[151]
12 September 2017 $2900 Price dipped harshly from China's bitcoin ICO and exchange crackdown (Those following improper practices)
13 October 2017 $5600 Price shot back up as the world moves on past the incident following China's crackdown
21 October 2017 $6180 Price hit another all time high as the impending forks draw closer
Date $price Notes

Satoshi Nakamoto[edit]

"Satoshi Nakamoto" is presumed to be a pseudonym for the person or people who designed the original bitcoin protocol in 2008 and launched the network in 2009. Nakamoto was responsible for creating the majority of the official bitcoin software and was active in making modifications and posting technical information on the BitcoinTalk Forum.[152] Investigations into the real identity of Satoshi Nakamoto were attempted by The New Yorker and Fast Company. The New Yorker's investigation brought up at least two possible candidates: Michael Clear and Vili Lehdonvirta. Fast Company's investigation brought up circumstantial evidence linking an encryption patent application filed by Neal King, Vladimir Oksman and Charles Bry on 15 August 2008, and the bitcoin.org domain name which was registered 72 hours later. The patent application (#20100042841) contained networking and encryption technologies similar to bitcoin's, and textual analysis revealed that the phrase "... computationally impractical to reverse" appeared in both the patent application and bitcoin's whitepaper.[11] All three inventors explicitly denied being Satoshi Nakamoto.[153][154] In May 2013, Ted Nelson speculated that Japanese mathematician Shinichi Mochizuki is Satoshi Nakamoto.[155] Later in 2013 the Israeli researchers Dorit Ron and Adi Shamir pointed to Silk Road-linked Ross William Ulbricht as the possible person behind the cover. The two researchers based their suspicion on an analysis of the network of bitcoin transactions.[156] These allegations were contested.[157] Ron and Shamir later retracted their claim.[158]

Nakamoto's involvement with bitcoin does not appear to extend past mid-2010.[159] In April 2011, Nakamoto communicated with a bitcoin contributor, saying that he had "moved on to other things".[18]

Stefan Thomas, a Swiss coder and active community member, graphed the time stamps for each of Nakamoto's 500-plus bitcoin forum posts; the resulting chart showed a steep decline to almost no posts between the hours of 5 a.m. and 11 a.m. Greenwich Mean Time. Because this pattern held true even on Saturdays and Sundays, it suggested that Nakamoto was asleep at this time, and the hours of 5 a.m. to 11 a.m. GMT are midnight to 6 a.m. Eastern Standard Time (North American Eastern Standard Time). Other clues suggested that Nakamoto was British: A newspaper headline he had encoded in the genesis block came from the UK-published newspaper The Times, and both his forum posts and his comments in the bitcoin source code used British English spellings, such as "optimise" and "colour".[160]

An Internet search by an anonymous blogger of texts similar in writing to the bitcoin whitepaper suggests Nick Szabo's "bit gold" articles as having a similar author.[7] Nick denied being Satoshi, and stated his official opinion on Satoshi and bitcoin in a May 2011 article.[161]

In a March 2014 article in Newsweek, journalist Leah McGrath Goodman doxed Dorian S. Nakamoto of Temple City, California, saying that Satoshi Nakamoto is the man's birth name. Her methods and conclusion drew widespread criticism.[162][163]

In June 2016, the London Review of Books published a piece by Andrew O'Hagan about Nakamoto.[164]. The real identity of Satoshi Nakamoto still remains to be a matter of dispute.

Bitcoin forks[edit]

A fork referring to a blockchain is what happens when a blockchain splits into two paths forward. Forks on the bitcoin network regularly occur as part of the mining process. They happen when two miners find a block at a similar point in time. As a result, the network briefly forks. This fork is subsequently resolved by the software which automatically chooses the longest chain, thereby orphaning the extra blocks added to the shorter chain (that were dropped by the longer chain). A blockchain can also fork when developers change rules in the software used to determine which transactions are valid.[165]

March 2013[edit]

On 12 March 2013, a bitcoin miner running version 0.8.0 of the bitcoin software created a large block that was considered invalid in version 0.7 (due to an undiscovered inconsistency between the two versions). This created a split or "fork" in the blockchain since computers with the recent version of the software accepted the invalid block and continued to build on the diverging chain, whereas older versions of the software rejected it and continued extending the blockchain without the offending block. This split resulted in two separate transaction logs being formed without clear consensus, which allowed for the same funds to be spent differently on each chain. In response, the Mt. Gox exchange temporarily halted bitcoin deposits.[166] The exchange rate fell 23% to $37 on the Mt. Gox exchange but rose most of the way back to its prior level of $48.[45][46]

Miners resolved the split by downgrading to version 0.7, putting them back on track with the canonical blockchain. User funds largely remained unaffected and were available when network consensus was restored.[167] The network reached consensus and continued to operate as normal a few hours after the split.[168]

Regulatory issues[edit]

On 18 March 2013, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (or FinCEN), a bureau of the United States Department of the Treasury, issued a report regarding centralized and decentralized "virtual currencies" and their legal status within "money services business" (MSB) and Bank Secrecy Act regulations.[50][55] It classified digital currencies and other digital payment systems such as bitcoin as "virtual currencies" because they are not legal tender under any sovereign jurisdiction. FinCEN cleared American users of bitcoin of legal obligations[55] by saying, "A user of virtual currency is not an MSB under FinCEN's regulations and therefore is not subject to MSB registration, reporting, and recordkeeping regulations." However, it held that American entities who generate "virtual currency" such as bitcoins are money transmitters or MSBs if they sell their generated currency for national currency: "...a person that creates units of convertible virtual currency and sells those units to another person for real currency or its equivalent is engaged in transmission to another location and is a money transmitter." This specifically extends to "miners" of the bitcoin currency who may have to register as MSBs and abide by the legal requirements of being a money transmitter if they sell their generated bitcoins for national currency and are within the United States.[48] Since FinCEN issued this guidance, dozens of virtual currency exchangers and administrators have registered with FinCEN, and FinCEN is receiving an increasing number of suspicious activity reports (SARs) from these entities.[169]

Additionally, FinCEN claimed regulation over American entities that manage bitcoins in a payment processor setting or as an exchanger: "In addition, a person is an exchanger and a money transmitter if the person accepts such de-centralized convertible virtual currency from one person and transmits it to another person as part of the acceptance and transfer of currency, funds, or other value that substitutes for currency."[50]

In summary, FinCEN's decision would require bitcoin exchanges where bitcoins are traded for traditional currencies to disclose large transactions and suspicious activity, comply with money laundering regulations, and collect information about their customers as traditional financial institutions are required to do.[55][170][171]

Patrick Murck of the Bitcoin Foundation criticized FinCEN's report as an "overreach" and claimed that FinCEN "cannot rely on this guidance in any enforcement action".[172][non-primary source needed]

Jennifer Shasky Calvery, the director of FinCEN said, "Virtual currencies are subject to the same rules as other currencies. ... Basic money-services business rules apply here."[55]

In its October 2012 study, Virtual currency schemes, the European Central Bank concluded that the growth of virtual currencies will continue, and, given the currencies' inherent price instability, lack of close regulation, and risk of illegal uses by anonymous users, the Bank warned that periodic examination of developments would be necessary to reassess risks.[173]

In 2013, the U.S. Treasury extended its anti-money laundering regulations to processors of bitcoin transactions.[174][175]

In June 2013, Bitcoin Foundation board member Jon Matonis wrote in Forbes that he received a warning letter from the California Department of Financial Institutions accusing the foundation of unlicensed money transmission. Matonis denied that the foundation is engaged in money transmission and said he viewed the case as "an opportunity to educate state regulators."[176]

In late July 2013, the industry group Committee for the Establishment of the Digital Asset Transfer Authority began to form to set best practices and standards, to work with regulators and policymakers to adapt existing currency requirements to digital currency technology and business models and develop risk management standards.[177]

In 2014, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filed an administrative action against Erik T. Voorhees, for violating Securities Act Section 5 for publicly offering unregistered interests in two bitcoin websites in exchange for bitcoins.[178]

Theft and exchange shutdowns[edit]

Bitcoins can be stored in a bitcoin cryptocurrency wallet. Theft of bitcoin has been documented on numerous occasions. At other times, bitcoin exchanges have shut down, taking their clients' bitcoins with them. A Wired study published April 2013 showed that 45 percent of bitcoin exchanges end up closing.[179]

On 19 June 2011, a security breach of the Mt. Gox bitcoin exchange caused the nominal price of a bitcoin to fraudulently drop to one cent on the Mt. Gox exchange, after a hacker used credentials from a Mt. Gox auditor's compromised computer illegally to transfer a large number of bitcoins to himself. They used the exchange's software to sell them all nominally, creating a massive "ask" order at any price. Within minutes, the price reverted to its correct user-traded value.[180][181][182][183][184][185] Accounts with the equivalent of more than US$8,750,000 were affected.[182]

In July 2011, the operator of Bitomat, the third-largest bitcoin exchange, announced that he had lost access to his wallet.dat file with about 17,000 bitcoins (roughly equivalent to US$220,000 at that time). He announced that he would sell the service for the missing amount, aiming to use funds from the sale to refund his customers.[186]

In August 2011, MyBitcoin, a now defunct bitcoin transaction processor, declared that it was hacked, which caused it to be shut down, paying 49% on customer deposits, leaving more than 78,000 bitcoins (equivalent to roughly US$800,000 at that time) unaccounted for.[187][188]

In early August 2012, a lawsuit was filed in San Francisco court against Bitcoinica — a bitcoin trading venue — claiming about US$460,000 from the company. Bitcoinica was hacked twice in 2012, which led to allegations that the venue neglected the safety of customers' money and cheated them out of withdrawal requests.[189][190]

In late August 2012, an operation titled Bitcoin Savings and Trust was shut down by the owner, leaving around US$5.6 million in bitcoin-based debts; this led to allegations that the operation was a Ponzi scheme.[191][192][193][194] In September 2012, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission had reportedly started an investigation on the case.[195]

In September 2012, Bitfloor, a bitcoin exchange, also reported being hacked, with 24,000 bitcoins (worth about US$250,000) stolen. As a result, Bitfloor suspended operations.[196][197] The same month, Bitfloor resumed operations; its founder said that he reported the theft to FBI, and that he plans to repay the victims, though the time frame for repayment is unclear.[198]

On 3 April 2013, Instawallet, a web-based wallet provider, was hacked,[199] resulting in the theft of over 35,000 bitcoins[200] which were valued at US$129.90 per bitcoin at the time, or nearly $4.6 million in total. As a result, Instawallet suspended operations.[199]

On 11 August 2013, the Bitcoin Foundation announced that a bug in a pseudorandom number generator within the Android operating system had been exploited to steal from wallets generated by Android apps; fixes were provided 13 August 2013.[201]

In October 2013, Inputs.io, an Australian-based bitcoin wallet provider was hacked with a loss of 4100 bitcoins, worth over A$1 million at time of theft. The service was run by the operator TradeFortress. Coinchat, the associated bitcoin chat room, has been taken over by a new admin.[202]

On 26 October 2013, a Hong-Kong based bitcoin trading platform owned by Global Bond Limited (GBL) vanished with 30 million yuan (US$5 million) from 500 investors.[203]

Mt. Gox, the Japan-based exchange that in 2013 handled 70% of all worldwide bitcoin traffic, declared bankruptcy in February 2014, with bitcoins worth about $390 million missing, for unclear reasons. The CEO was eventually arrested and charged with embezzlement.[204]

On 3 March 2014, Flexcoin announced it was closing its doors because of a hack attack that took place the day before.[205][206][207] In a statement that now occupies their homepage, they announced on 3 March 2014 that "As Flexcoin does not have the resources, assets, or otherwise to come back from this loss [the hack], we are closing our doors immediately."[208] Users can no longer log into the site.

Chinese cryptocurrency exchange Bter lost $2.1 million in BTC in February 2015.[209]

The Slovenian exchange Bitstamp lost bitcoin worth $5.1 million to a hack in January 2015.[210]

The US-based exchange Cryptsy declared bankruptcy in January 2016, ostensibly because of a 2014 hacking incident; the court-appointed receiver later alleged that Cryptsy's CEO had stolen $3.3 million.[211]

In May 2016, Gatecoin closed temporarily after a breach had caused a loss of about $2 million in cryptocurrency. It subsequently relaunched its exchange in August 2016 and is slowly reimbursing its customers.[212][213]

In August 2016, hackers stole some $72 million in customer bitcoin from the Hong-Kong-based exchange Bitfinex.[214]

Taxation and regulation[edit]

In 2012, the Cryptocurrency Legal Advocacy Group (CLAG) stressed the importance for taxpayers to determine whether taxes are due on a bitcoin-related transaction based on whether one has experienced a "realization event": when a taxpayer has provided a service in exchange for bitcoins, a realization event has probably occurred and any gain or loss would likely be calculated using fair market values for the service provided."[215]

In August 2013, the German Finance Ministry characterized bitcoin as a unit of account,[66][216] usable in multilateral clearing circles and subject to capital gains tax if held less than one year.[216]

On 5 December 2013, the People's Bank of China announced in a press release regarding bitcoin regulation that whilst individuals in China are permitted to freely trade and exchange bitcoins as a commodity, it is prohibited for Chinese financial banks to operate using bitcoins or for bitcoins to be used as legal tender currency, and that entities dealing with bitcoins must track and report suspicious activity to prevent money laundering.[217] The value of bitcoin dropped on various exchanges between 11 and 20 percent following the regulation announcement, before rebounding upward again.[218]

On 18 June 2014, it was announced that bitcoin payment service provider BitPay would become the new sponsor of the St. Petersburg Bowl game under a two-year deal, renamed the Bitcoin St. Petersburg Bowl. Bitcoin will be accepted for ticket and concession sales as part of the sponsorship, and the sponsorship itself was also paid for using bitcoin.[91] On 2 April 2015, after one year of sponsorship, BitPay declined to renew sponsorship of the game.[219]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jerry Brito; Andrea Castillo (2013). "Bitcoin: A Primer for Policymakers" (PDF). Mercatus Center. George Mason University. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Dai, W (1998). "b-money". Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Szabo, Nick. "Bit Gold". Unenumerated. Blogspot. Archived from the original on 2011-09-22. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Tsorsch, Florian; Scheuermann, Bjorn (15 May 2015). "Bitcoin and Beyond: A Technical Survey of Decentralized Digital Currencies" (PDF). Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Reusable Proofs of Work". Archived from the original on December 22, 2007. 
  7. ^ a b "Satoshi Nakamoto is (probably) Nick Szabo". LikeInAMirror. WordPress. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Weisenthal, Joe (19 May 2013). "Here's The Problem With The New Theory That A Japanese Math Professor Is The Inventor Of Bitcoin". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Bitcoin Inventor Satoshi Nakamoto is Anonymous-style Cell from Europe Archived December 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ a b "What is 'Bitcoin'". Investopedia. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  11. ^ a b Nakamoto, Satoshi (1 Nov 2008). "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System" (PDF). Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Wallace, Benjamin (23 November 2011). "The Rise and Fall of Bitcoin". Wired. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Bitcoin P2P e-cash paper". 31 October 2008. 
  14. ^ "Satoshi's posts to Cryptography mailing list". Mail-archive.com. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Block 0 – Bitcoin Block Explorer". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. 
  16. ^ Nakamoto, Satoshi (9 January 2009). "Bitcoin v0.1 released". Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. 
  17. ^ "SourceForge.net: Bitcoin". Archived from the original on 2013-03-16. 
  18. ^ a b Davis, Joshua (10 October 2011). "The Crypto-Currency". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 2013-08-23. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  19. ^ Peterson, Andrea (3 January 2014). "Hal Finney received the first Bitcoin transaction. Here's how he describes it.". The Washington Post. 
  20. ^ Popper, Nathaniel (30 August 2014). "Hal Finney, Cryptographer and Bitcoin Pioneer, Dies at 58". NYTimes. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  21. ^ Wallace, Benjamin (23 November 2011). "The Rise and Fall of Bitcoin". Wired. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  22. ^ McMillan, Robert. "Who Owns the World's Biggest Bitcoin Wallet? The FBI". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  23. ^ Bosker, Bianca (16 April 2013). "Gavin Andresen, Bitcoin Architect: Meet The Man Bringing You Bitcoin (And Getting Paid In It)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  24. ^ a b Sawyer, Matt (26 February 2013). "The Beginners Guide To Bitcoin – Everything You Need To Know". Monetarism. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. 
  25. ^ a b "Vulnerability Summary for CVE-2010-5139". National Vulnerability Database. 8 June 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  26. ^ Nakamoto, Satoshi. "ALERT — we are investigating a problem". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Garzik, Jeff. "Strange block 74638". Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  28. ^ Espinoza, Javier (22 September 2014). "Is It Time to Invest in Bitcoin? Cryptocurrencies Are Highly Volatile, but Some Say They Are Worth It". Journal Reports. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  29. ^ Rainey Reitman (20 January 2011). "Bitcoin – a Step Toward Censorship-Resistant Digital Currency". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  30. ^ Cohn, Cindy (20 June 2011). "EFF and Bitcoin". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  31. ^ Cindy Cohn; Peter Eckersley; Rainey Reitman & Seth Schoen (17 May 2013). "EFF Will Accept Bitcoins to Support Digital Liberty". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  32. ^ Greenberg, Andy (14 June 2011). "WikiLeaks Asks For Anonymous Bitcoin Donations". logs.forbes.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-27. Retrieved 22 June 2011. 
  33. ^ EFF said they "generally don't endorse any type of product or service.""EFF and Bitcoin | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. 14 June 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 22 June 2011. 
  34. ^ "EFF and Bitcoin | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. 17 May 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  35. ^ "What Is Bitcoin?". WeUseCoins.com. Archived from the original on 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2017-03-03. 
  36. ^ "BitBills Attempt to Patent Physical Bitcoins". Let's Talk Bitcoin!. 30 June 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-02-19. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  37. ^ "301 Response to BitBills Patent By Crypto Coin Wallet Cards". Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. 
  38. ^ Toepfer, Susan (16 January 2012). "'The Good Wife' Season 3, Episode 13, 'Bitcoin for Dummies': TV Recap". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2014-01-12. 
  39. ^ Matonis, Jon. "Bitcoin Foundation Launches To Drive Bitcoin's Advancement". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  40. ^ Browdie, Brian (11 September 2012). "BitPay Signs 1,000 Merchants to Accept Bitcoin Payments". American Banker. Archived from the original on 2014-04-12. 
  41. ^ Skelton, Andy (15 November 2012). "Pay Another Way: Bitcoin". WordPress. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  42. ^ Ludwig, Sean (8 February 2013). "Y Combinator-backed Coinbase now selling over $1M Bitcoin per month". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. 
  43. ^ Mandalia, Ravi (22 February 2013). "The Internet Archive Starts Accepting Bitcoin Donations". Parity News. Archived from the original on 2013-06-03. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  44. ^ a b Lee, Timothy (11 March 2013). "Major glitch in Bitcoin network sparks sell-off; price temporarily falls 23%". arstechnica.com. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  45. ^ a b Lee, Timothy (12 March 2013). "Major glitch in Bitcoin network sparks sell-off; price temporarily falls 23%". Arstechnica. Archived from the original on 2013-04-22. 
  46. ^ a b Blagdon, Jeff (12 March 2013). "Technical problems cause Bitcoin to plummet from record high, Mt. Gox suspends deposits". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2013-04-22. 
  47. ^ "Bitcoin Charts". Archived from the original on 2014-05-09. 
  48. ^ a b Lee, Timothy (20 March 2013). "US regulator Bitcoin Exchanges Must Comply With Money Laundering Laws". Arstechnica. Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Bitcoin miners must also register if they trade in their earnings for dollars. 
  49. ^ a b c "Application of FinCEN's Regulations to Persons Administering, Exchanging, or Using Virtual Currencies" (PDF). Department of the Treasury Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  50. ^ Roose, Kevin (8 April 2013) "Inside the Bitcoin Bubble: BitInstant's CEO – Daily Intelligencer". Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. . Nymag.com. Retrieved on 20 April 2013.
  51. ^ "Bitcoin Exchange Rate". Bitcoinscharts.com. Archived from the original on 2012-06-24. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  52. ^ Van Sack, Jessica (27 May 2013). "Why Bitcoin makes cents". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  53. ^ Dillet, Romain. "Feds Seize Assets From Mt. Gox's Dwolla Account, Accuse It Of Violating Money Transfer Regulations". Archived from the original on 2013-10-09. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  54. ^ a b c d e Berson, Susan A. (2013). "Some basic rules for using 'bitcoin' as virtual money". American Bar Association. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  55. ^ Taylor, Colleen. "With $1.5M Led By Winklevoss Capital, BitInstant Aims To Be The Go-To Site To Buy And Sell Bitcoins". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  56. ^ Cohen, Brian. "Users Bitcoins Seized by DEA". Archived from the original on 2013-10-09. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  57. ^ "The National Police completes the second phase of the operation "Ransomware"". El Cuerpo Nacional de Policía. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  58. ^ Sampson, Tim (2013). "U.S. government makes its first-ever Bitcoin seizure". The Daily Dot. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  59. ^ Jeremy Kirk (July 11, 2013). "In Kenya, Bitcoin linked to popular mobile payment system". Cio.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  60. ^ Andrew Trotman (30 July 2013). "Virtual currency Bitcoin not welcome in Thailand in possible setback to mainstream ambitions". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  61. ^ Maierbrugger, Arno (30 July 2013). "Thailand first country to ban digital currency Bitcoin". Inside Investor. Archived from the original on 2014-02-04. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  62. ^ "Virtual currency Bitcoin not welcome in Thailand in possible setback to mainstream ambitions". bitcoinsalvation. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  63. ^ Farivar, Cyrus (2013-08-07). "Federal judge: Bitcoin, "a currency," can be regulated under American law". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  64. ^ "Securities and Exchange Commission v. Shavers et al, 4:13-cv-00416 (E.D.Tex.)". Docket Alarm, Inc. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  65. ^ a b Vaishampayan, Saumya (19 August 2013). "Bitcoins are private money in Germany". Marketwatch. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. 
  66. ^ "After Silk Road seizure, FBI Bitcoin wallet identified and pranked". Archived from the original on 2014-04-05. 
  67. ^ "Silkroad Seized Coins". Archived from the original on 2014-01-09. 
  68. ^ Hill, Kashmir. "The FBI's Plan For The Millions Worth Of Bitcoins Seized From Silk Road". Forbes. Archived from the original on 2014-05-02. 
  69. ^ "World's first Bitcoin ATM goes live in Vancouver Tuesday". CBC. Archived from the original on 2013-10-28. 
  70. ^ "Vancouver to host world's first Bitcoin ATM". Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. 
  71. ^ "The world's first Bitcoin ATM is coming to Canada next week". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  72. ^ Kapur, Saranya (15 October 2013). "China's Google Is Now Accepting Bitcoin". businessinsider.com. Business Insider, Inc. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  73. ^ "Cypriot University to Accept Bitcoin Payments". abc News. 21 November 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  74. ^ Natasha Lomas (18 November 2013). "As Chinese Investors Pile Into Bitcoin, China's Oldest Exchange, BTC China, Raises $5M From Lightspeed". TechCrunch. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  75. ^ Dante D'Orazio (21 December 2013). "Online retailer Overstock.com plans to accept Bitcoin payments next year". Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  76. ^ Kelion, Leo (18 December 2013). "Bitcoin sinks after China restricts yuan exchanges". bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  77. ^ "China bans banks from bitcoin transactions". The Sydney Morning Herald. Reuters. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  78. ^ "Baidu Stops Accepting Bitcoins After China Ban". Bloomberg. New York. 7 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  79. ^ "China bars use of virtual money for trading in real goods". English.mofcom.gov.cn. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  80. ^ Carl Franzen (4 January 2014). "Zynga tests Bitcoin payments for seven online games". Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  81. ^ Trejos, Nancy. "Las Vegas casinos adopt new form of currency: Bitcoins". USA Today. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  82. ^ "We've just reached 10 petahash per second!". 20 December 2013. 
  83. ^ Jane McEntegart (26 January 2014). "TigerDirect is Now Accepting Bitcoin As Payment". Tom's hardware. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  84. ^ Vaishampayan, Saumya (9 January 2014). "Bitcoin now accepted on Overstock.com through VC-backed Coinbase". marketwatch.com. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  85. ^ "MtGox gives bankruptcy details". bbc.com. BBC. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  86. ^ Biggs, John (10 February 2014). "What's Going On With Bitcoin Exchange Mt. Gox?". TechCrunch. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  87. ^ "MtGox bitcoin exchange files for bankruptcy". bbc.com. BBC. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  88. ^ Swan, Noelle (28 February 2014). "MtGox bankruptcy: Bitcoin insiders saw problems with the exchange for months". csmonitor.com. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  89. ^ "Unprecedented: Bitcoin Mining Network Exceeds 100 PH/s". 14 June 2014. 
  90. ^ a b Casey, Michael J. (18 June 2014). "BitPay to Sponsor St. Petersburg Bowl in First Major Bitcoin Sports Deal". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  91. ^ Flacy, Mike (19 July 2014). "Dell, Newegg Start Accepting Bitcoin as Payment". Digital Trends. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  92. ^ Callaway, Claudia; Greebel, Evan; Moriarity, Kathleen; Xethalis, Gregory; Kim, Diana. "First Bitcoin Swap Proposed". The National Law Review. Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  93. ^ Warren, Tom (11 December 2014). "Microsoft now accepts Bitcoin to buy Xbox games and Windows apps". 
  94. ^ "Megabank Joins Coinbase's Record $75 Million Funding Round". 20 January 2015. 
  95. ^ Srivastava, Shivam (6 January 2015). "Bitcoin exchange Bitstamp suspends service after security breach". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  96. ^ Novak, Marja (9 January 2015). "Bitcoin exchange Bitstamp says to resume trading on Friday". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  97. ^ "Secretive Silicon Valley Bitcoin Startup Raises US$116m In Funding". 13 March 2015. 
  98. ^ Bitcoin: A Disruptive Currency, 1 August 2015, This implies that 160,000 already accept bitcoin 
  99. ^ Anthony, Sebastian (1 September 2015). "Barclays to become the first major bank to accept Bitcoin". Ars Technica. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  100. ^ Kelly, Jemima (6 April 2016). "Barclays backs 'social payments app' Circle as it launches in UK". Reuters. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  101. ^ Shirriff, Ken (2 October 2015). "Proposal for addition of bitcoin sign" (PDF). unicode.org. Unicode. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  102. ^ "Bitcoin hash rate exceeds 1 EH/s for the first time". 25 January 2016. 
  103. ^ "Japan OKs recognizing virtual currencies as similar to real money". 4 March 2016. 
  104. ^ "Activating and Using Bitcoin as a Payment Option". 
  105. ^ "Steam accepts bitcoin with BitPay". 
  106. ^ Tasca, Paolo; Liu, Shaowen; Hayes, Adam (1 July 2016), The Evolution of the Bitcoin Economy: Extracting and Analyzing the Network of Payment Relationships, p. 36, SSRN 2808762 , By November, 2013, the amount of inflows attributable to ”sin” entities had shrunk significantly to just 3% or less of total transactions. 
  107. ^ "Uber Switches to Bitcoin in Argentina After Govt Blocks Uber Credit Cards". 6 July 2016. 
  108. ^ Coppola, Frances (6 August 2016). "Theft And Mayhem In The Bitcoin World". Forbes. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 
  109. ^ "Number of Bitcoin ATMs Has More Than Doubled In Past 18 Months". 1 October 2016. 
  110. ^ "SBB: Make quick and easy purchases with Bitcoin.". Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  111. ^ "ビットコイン 利用可能店舗が1年で4.6倍に". 9 January 2017. 
  112. ^ "The Bitcoin Fee Market". 7 March 2017. our transaction growth of nearly 3x [...] Many of the businesses we’ve signed up over the years have started using BitPay for B2B supply chain payments. 
  113. ^ Kharpal, Arjun. "Bitcoin value rises over $1 billion as Japan, Russia move to legitimize cryptocurrency". 
  114. ^ Colibasanu, Antonia. "Here's why Russia is opening the door to cryptocurrencies". 
  115. ^ Redman, Jamie. "Norway’s Largest Online Bank Integrates Bitcoin Accounts". 
  116. ^ "Bitcoin Projects on Github Surpass 10,000". 8 March 2017. 
  117. ^ "Mexican Bitcoin Adoption is Untold Story of the Last Six Months. Nearly 1500% volume growth on its largest exchange. Over $4M USD equivalent per week now.". 27 March 2017. 
  118. ^ "INDUSTRY GROWTH AND ITS EFFECT ON POLONIEX". 16 May 2017. 
  119. ^ "Unicode 10.0.0". Unicode Consortium. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  120. ^ Smith, Jake (11 August 2017). "The Bitcoin Cash Hard Fork Will Show Us Which Coin Is Best". Fortune. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  121. ^ Traverse, Nick (3 April 2013). "Bitcoin's Meteoric Rise". Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. 
  122. ^ Bustillos, Maria (2 April 2013). "The Bitcoin Boom". Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. 
  123. ^ Seward, Zachary (28 March 2013). "Bitcoin, up 152% this month, soaring 57% this week". Archived from the original on 2014-04-18. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  124. ^ "A Bit expensive". The Economist. 1 March 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-04-05. 
  125. ^ (in English) Bitcoin Charts (price) Archived March 28, 2011, at WebCite
  126. ^ (in English) History of Bitcoin (Bitcoin wiki) Archived February 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  127. ^ "History — Bitcoin". En.bitcoin.it. Archived from the original on 2014-02-13. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  128. ^ Estes, Adam (28 March 2013). "Bitcoin Is Now A Billion Dollar Industry". Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. 
  129. ^ Salmon, Felix. "The Bitcoin Bubble and the Future of Currency". Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  130. ^ Ro, Sam (3 April 2013). "Art Cashin: The Bitcoin Bubble". Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. 
  131. ^ "BBC News — Bitcoin value drops after FBI shuts Silk Road drugs site". Bbc.co.uk. 2013-10-03. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  132. ^ "Mt. Gox graph". Bitcoinity.org. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  133. ^ http://www.coindesk.com/markets-weekly-bitcoin-price-drops-coinbase-euphoria-wanes/
  134. ^ (in English) Bitcoin Auction: 10,000.00 BTC – Starting Bid 50.00 USD (discussion thread) Archived December 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  135. ^ "2010". En.bitcoin.it. Archived from the original on 2014-02-13. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  136. ^ "Why Bitcoin Matters". Retrieved 2016-01-04. 
  137. ^ (in English) Pizza for bitcoins? (Bitcointalk) (pictures linked in the thread now archived) Archived February 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  138. ^ (in English) Laszlo's pizza for $76,880 Archived 12 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  139. ^ Merchant, Brian (26 March 2013). "This Pizza Cost $750,000". Motherboard. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  140. ^ Leos Literak. "Bitcoin dosáhl parity s dolarem". Abclinuxu.cz. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  141. ^ "Bitcoin worth almost as much as gold". CNN.com. 29 November 2013. Retrieved 2017-02-24. 
  142. ^ (in English) Coindesk Bitcoin Price Index Chart Archived May 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  143. ^ "BTC Price Declines Following False Report of Bitcoin Ban in China". CoinDesk. 21 March 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. 
  144. ^ "Price of Bitcoin Falls Under $500 Amid Uncertainty in China". CoinDesk. 28 March 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. 
  145. ^ BitcoinWisdom – Live Bitcoin/Litecoin charts Archived May 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  146. ^ "Bitcoin is now worth more than an ounce of gold for the first time ever". Marketwatch.com. 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  147. ^ "Bitcoin price exceeds gold for first time ever". CNN.com. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2017-03-09. 
  148. ^ "Bitcoin Price Passes $1,400 to Hit Highest Value in History". 1 May 2017. 
  149. ^ "Bitcoin crosses $1,800 for the first time adding $3 billion in market cap in just four days.". 11 May 2017. 
  150. ^ Boivard, Charles (1 September 2017). "Bitcoin Price Tops $5,000 For First Time". Forbes. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  151. ^ "The Rise and Fall of Bitcoin". Wired. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  152. ^ Penenberg, Adam. "The Bitcoin Crypto-Currency Mystery Reopened". FastCompany. Archived from the original on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  153. ^ Greenfield, Rebecca (11 October 2011). "The Race to Unmask Bitcoin's Inventor(s)". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  154. ^ "I Think I Know Who Satoshi Is". YouTube TheTedNelson Channel. 18 May 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-04-14. 
  155. ^ John Markoff (23 November 2013). "Study Suggests Link Between Dread Pirate Roberts and Satoshi Nakamoto". New York Times. 
  156. ^ Trammell, Dustin D. "I Am Not Satoshi". Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  157. ^ Wile, Rob. "Researchers Retract Claim Of Link Between Alleged Silk Road Mastermind And Founder Of Bitcoin". Business Week. Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  158. ^ "The Rise and Fall of Bitcoin". Wired. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  159. ^ Benjamin Wallace: The Rise and Fall of Bitcoin, Wired, 23 November 2011 Archived 19 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  160. ^ "Newsweek Thinks It Found the Real "Satoshi Nakamoto" ... and His Name Is Satoshi Nakamoto". slate.com. March 6, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. 
  161. ^ Leah McGrath Goodman (6 March 2014). "The Face Behind Bitcoin". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 2014-03-07. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  162. ^ Greenberg, Andy (6 March 2014). "Bitcoin Community Responds To Satoshi Nakamoto's 'Uncovering' With Disbelief, Anger, Fascination". Forbes.com. Forbes. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  163. ^ Nakamoto, Andrew O’Hagan on the many lives of Satoshi (30 June 2016). "The Satoshi Affair". pp. 7–28. Retrieved 3 March 2017 – via London Review of Books. 
  164. ^ Amy Castor (27 March 2017). "A Short Guide to Bitcoin Forks". CoinDesk. Retrieved 1 July 2017. 
  165. ^ Karpeles, Mark. "Bitcoin blockchain issue – bitcoin deposits temporarily suspended". Mt. Gox. Archived from the original on 2014-02-09. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  166. ^ "11/12 March 2013 Chain Fork Information". Bitcoin Project. Archived from the original on 2014-02-14. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  167. ^ "Bitcoin software bug has been rapidly resolved". ecurrency. 12 March 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-31. 
  168. ^ "Remarks From Under Secretary of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence David S. Cohen on 'Addressing the Illicit Finance Risks of Virtual Currency'". United States Department of the Treasury. March 18, 2014. 
  169. ^ Lee, Timothy (19 March 2013). "New Money Laundering Guidelines Are A Positive Sign For Bitcoin". Forbes. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. 
  170. ^ Faiola, Anthony; Farnam, T.W. (4 April 2013). "The rise of the bitcoin: Virtual gold or cyber-bubble?". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. 
  171. ^ Murck, Patrick (19 March 2013). "Today, we are all money transmitters... (no, really!)". Bitcoin Foundation. 
  172. ^ "Virtual Currency Schemes". European Central Bank. October 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2013. 
  173. ^ "Bitcoin, the nationless electronic cash beloved by hackers, bursts into financial mainstream". Fox News. 11 April 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-11-07. . Fox News (11 April 2013). Retrieved on 20 April 2013.
  174. ^ "Bitcoin Currency, Hackers Make Money, Investing in Bitcoins, Scams – AARP". Archived from the original on 2014-03-22. . Blog.aarp.org (19 March 2013). Retrieved on 20 April 2013.
  175. ^ Coldewey, Devin (24 June 2013). "Bitcoin losing shine after hitting the spotlight". NBC News. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. 
  176. ^ Tsukayama, Hayley (30 July 2013). "Bitcoin, others set up standards group". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. 
  177. ^ Casey, Brian (23 July 2014). "Bitcoin – Is Anyone In Charge?". The National Law Review. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  178. ^ "Study: 45 percent of Bitcoin exchanges end up closing". Archived from the original on 2013-04-26. Retrieved 28 April 2013. © Condé Nast UK 2013  Wired.co.uk (26 April 2013).
  179. ^ Karpeles, Mark (30 June 2011). "Clarification of Mt Gox Compromised Accounts and Major Bitcoin Sell-Off". Tibanne Co. Ltd. Archived from the original on 2014-02-10. 
  180. ^ "Bitcoin Report Volume 8 – (FLASHCRASH)". YouTube BitcoinChannel. 19 June 2011. Archived from the original on 2014-04-11. 
  181. ^ a b Mick, Jason (19 June 2011). "Inside the Mega-Hack of Bitcoin: the Full Story". DailyTech. Archived from the original on 2013-04-22. 
  182. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (19 June 2011) "Bitcoin prices plummet on hacked exchange". Archived from the original on 2012-04-10. , Ars Technica
  183. ^ Karpeles, Mark (20 June 2011) Huge Bitcoin sell off due to a compromised account – rollback, Mt.Gox Support Archived June 20, 2011, at WebCite
  184. ^ Chirgwin, Richard (19 June 2011). "Bitcoin collapses on malicious trade – Mt Gox scrambling to raise the Titanic". The Register. Archived from the original on 2014-04-14. 
  185. ^ Dotson, Kyt (1 August 2011) "Third Largest Bitcoin Exchange Bitomat Lost Their Wallet, Over 17,000 Bitcoins Missing". Archived from the original on 2014-02-15. . SiliconAngle
  186. ^ Jeffries, Adrianne (8 August 2011) "MyBitcoin Spokesman Finally Comes Forward: "What Did You Think We Did After the Hack? We Got Shitfaced"". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. . BetaBeat
  187. ^ Jeffries, Adrianne (19 August 2011) "Search for Owners of MyBitcoin Loses Steam". Archived from the original on 2014-04-04. . BetaBeat
  188. ^ Geuss, Megan (12 August 2012) "Bitcoinica users sue for $460k in lost bitcoins". Archived from the original on 2014-04-11. . Arstechnica
  189. ^ Peck, Morgen (15 August 2012) "First Bitcoin Lawsuit Filed In San Francisco". Archived from the original on 2014-04-14. . IEEE Spectrum
  190. ^ "Bitcoin ponzi scheme – investors lose US$5 million in online hedge fund". RT. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-02-18. 
  191. ^ Jeffries, Adrianne (27 August 2012). "Suspected multi-million dollar Bitcoin pyramid scheme shuts down, investors revolt". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2013-10-11. 
  192. ^ Mick, Jason (28 August 2012). ""Pirateat40" Makes Off $5.6M USD in BitCoins From Pyramid Scheme". DailyTech. Archived from the original on 2014-04-11. 
  193. ^ Mott, Nathaniel (31 August 2012). "Bitcoin: How a Virtual Currency Became Real with a $5.6M Fraud". PandoDaily. Archived from the original on 2013-10-27. 
  194. ^ Foxton, Willard (2 September 2012) "Bitcoin 'Pirate' scandal: SEC steps in amid allegations that the whole thing was a Ponzi scheme". The Daily Telegraph. London. 27 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-04-14. . The Telegraph
  195. ^ "Bitcoin theft causes Bitfloor exchange to go offline". BBC News. 25 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-03-27. 
  196. ^ Goddard, Louis (5 September 2012). "Bitcoin exchange BitFloor suspends operations after $250,000 theft". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2014-02-11. 
  197. ^ Chirgwin, Richard (25 September 2012). "Bitcoin exchange back online after hack". PC World. Archived from the original on 2014-04-14. 
  198. ^ a b Cutler, Kim-Mai (3 April 2013). "Another Bitcoin Wallet Service, Instawallet, Suffers Attack, Shuts Down Until Further Notice". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on 2014-03-31. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  199. ^ "Transaction details for bitcoins stolen from Instawallet". Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. . Blockchain.info (3 April 2013). Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  200. ^ Chirgwin, Richard (12 August 2013). "Android bug batters Bitcoin wallets / Old flaw, new problem". The Register. Archived from the original on 17 August 2013.  ● Original Bitcoin announcement: "Android Security Vulnerability". bitcoin.org. 11 August 2013. Archived from the original on 17 August 2013. 
  201. ^ "Australian Bitcoin bank hacked". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 2013-12-30. Retrieved 9 November 2013. . Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  202. ^ "Hong Kong Bitcoin Trading Platform Vanishes with millions". Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  203. ^ "Ex-boss of MtGox bitcoin exchange arrested in Japan over lost $390m". The Guardian. 1 August 2015. 
  204. ^ "Flexcoin — flexing Bitcoins to their limit". malwareZero. Archived from the original on 2014-03-09. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  205. ^ "Bitcoin bank Flexcoin shuts down after theft". Reuters. 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-03-09. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  206. ^ "Bitcoin bank Flexcoin pulls plug after cyber-robbers nick $610,000". The Register. Archived from the original on 2014-03-10. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  207. ^ "Flexcoin homepage". Flexcoin. Archived from the original on 2014-03-12. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  208. ^ "Bter to Return 'Hacked' Funds Following Security Partnership". CoinDesk. March 12, 2015. 
  209. ^ "Bitstamp Claims $5 Million Lost in Hot Wallet Hack". CoinDesk. January 5, 2015. 
  210. ^ "Cryptsy CEO Stole Millions From Exchange, Court Receiver Alleges". CoinDesk. August 11, 2016. 
  211. ^ "Hacked Gatecoin Raises $500K to Reopen Exchange". Bitcoin.com. July 6, 2016. 
  212. ^ "Gatecoin Announces Relaunch of its Trading Platform - CryptoCoinsNews". CryptoCoinsNews. 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2017-05-12. 
  213. ^ "All Bitfinex clients to share 36% loss of assets following exchange hack". The Guardian. 7 August 2016. 
  214. ^ Stewart, David D.; Soong Johnston, Stephanie D. (29 October 2012). "2012 TNT 209-4 NEWS ANALYSIS: VIRTUAL CURRENCY: A NEW WORRY FOR TAX ADMINISTRATORS?. (Release Date: OCTOBER 17, 2012) (Doc 2012-21516)". Tax Notes Today. 2012 TNT 209-4 (2012 TNT 209–4). 
  215. ^ a b Nestler, Franz (16 August 2013). "Deutschland erkennt Bitcoins als privates Geld an (Germany recognizes Bitcoin as private money)". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. 
  216. ^ 2013-12-05, 中国人民银行等五部委发布《关于防范比特币风险的通知》, People's Bank of China Archived January 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  217. ^ 2013-12-06, China bans banks from bitcoin transactions, The Sydney Morning Herald Archived March 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  218. ^ "Bitcoin backer BitPay dumps St. Pete Bowl sponsorship". Retrieved 2 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

en.wikipedia.org

BCH BTC | Bitcoin Cash Биткойн | Курс Bitcoin Cash Биткойн

Резюме

Активно покупать

Скол. средние:

Покупать 12

Продавать 0

Индикаторы:

Покупать 9

Продавать 1

Резюме

Активно продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать 0

Продавать 12

Индикаторы:

Покупать 0

Продавать 9

Резюме

Активно покупать

Скол. средние:

Покупать 8

Продавать 4

Индикаторы:

Покупать 6

Продавать 1

Резюме

Активно покупать

Скол. средние:

Покупать 12

Продавать 0

Индикаторы:

Покупать 8

Продавать 0

Резюме

Активно продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать 0

Продавать 12

Индикаторы:

Покупать 2

Продавать 8

Резюме

Активно продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать 1

Продавать 11

Индикаторы:

Покупать 2

Продавать 3

Резюме

Нейтрально

Скол. средние:

Покупать 5

Продавать 7

Индикаторы:

Покупать 5

Продавать 2

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

Скол. средние:

Покупать

Продавать

Индикаторы:

Покупать

Продавать

ru.investing.com

Что такое биткоин? Как открыть биткоин кошелек, купить биткоин, продать биткоин, биткоин курс

What if someone creates a new block chain, or a new digital currency that renders Bitcoin obsolete?

That the block chain cannot be easily forked represents one of the central security mechanisms of Bitcoin. Given the choice between two block chains, a Bitcoin miner always chooses the longer one - that is to say, the one with the more complex hash. Thusly, it ensures that each user can only spend their bitcoins once, and that no user gets ripped off.

As a consequence of the block chain structure, there may at any time be many different sub-branches, and the possibility always exists of a transaction being over-written by the longest branch, if it has been recorded in a shorter one. The older a transaction is though, the lower its chances of being over-written, and the higher of becoming permanent. Although the block chain prevents one from spending more Bitcoins than one has, it means that transactions can be accidentally nullified.

A new block chain would leave the network vulnerable to double-spend attacks. However, the creation of a viable new chain presents considerable difficulty, and the possibility does not present much of a risk.

Bitcoin will always choose the longer Block Chain and determines the relative length of two branches by the complexities of their hashes. Since the hash of each new block is made from that of the block preceding it, to create a block with a more complex hash, one must be prepared to do more computation than has been done by the entire Bitcoin network from the fork point up to the newest of the blocks one is trying to supersede. Needless to say, such an undertaking would require a very large amount of processing power and since Bitcoin is continually growing and expanding, it will likely only require more with the passage of time.

A much more distinct and real threat to the Bitcoin use is the development of other, superior virtual currencies, which could supplant Bitcoin and render it obsolete and valueless.

A great deal of careful thought and ingenuity has gone into the development of Bitcoin, but it is the first of its breed, a prototype, and vulnerable to more highly-evolved competitors. At present, any threatening rivals have yet to rear their heads; Bitcoin remains the first and foremost private virtual currency, but we can offer no guarantees that it will retain that position. It would certainly be in keeping with internet history for a similar system built from the same principles to supersede and cast Bitcoin into obsolescence, after time had revealed its major shortcomings. Friendster and Myspace suffered similar fates at the hand of Facebook, Napster was ousted by Limeware, Bearshare and torrent applications, and Skype has all but crushed the last few disciples of the Microsoft Messenger army.

This may sound rather foreboding, so bear in mind that the introduction of new and possibly better virtual currencies will not necessarily herald Bitcoin's demise. If Bitcoin establishes itself sufficiently firmly before the inception of the next generation of private, online currencies so as to gain widespread acceptance and general stability, future currencies may pose little threat even if they can claim superior design. This is known as the network effect.

www.coinessa.com

Весёлая и Захватывающая, доказуемо честная биткойн игра

Please read these Terms of Use carefully. These Terms of Use (the "Agreement") should be read by you (the "User" or "you") in its entirety prior to your use of BitKong game (the website and the game together referred to as "Service"). Please note that the Agreement constitutes a legally binding agreement between you and BitKong.com (referred to herein as "BitKong", "us" or "we") which owns and operates the website and the game found at BitKong.com (“BitKong website” or “Website”).

By Clicking “Accept”, or by registering an account (log in), or by playing BitKong game by making bets without registering you agree to be bound by these Terms of Use and all terms incorporated by reference.

Definitions

Terms below that are used in this Terms of Use will have the following meanings:

Account: Personal profile created by the User on BitKong website. Bitcoin (BTC): Decentralized peer-to-peer digital currency accepted by the BitKong.com Bits: Fractional part of Bitcoin (1 Bitcoin = 1,000,000 bits). Used as unit for betting. mBTC: 1 mBTC = 1,000 Bits. Balance: User’s game balance, the amount of Bitcoins User has available for betting. Bet: Amount of Bitcoins(bits) User is willing to set for a single game (ticket) at BitKong. Demo: Virtual version of the Game, which allows User to try playing without placing real bets. Difficulty level: BitKong has 3 levels of difficulty (Easy, Medium, Difficult). Faucet: Amount of Bitcoins(bits) presented to player for free with certain frequency for purpose of betting. Game: The game, managed by BitKong and provided at BitKong.com Website. House Edge: Commission, allocated to BitKong per each winning bet within the provided Service. Hall of heroes: List of players, wagered most amount during periods of Day, Week or Month. Max Win: A maximum sum of winnings generated by a Bet. Maximum Bet: A maximum sum allowed for single bet (May be different at various levels of game). Minimum deposit: Minimum amount of bitcoins, that is recommended to be deposited by player. Minimum withdrawal: Minimum amount of Bitcoins (bits), required for making a withdrawal by player. Prohibited Jurisdictions: Territories or states, where online gambling is prohibited or restricted. Prohibited Use: Prohibited by this Terms of Use and applicable legislation actions in regards of the BitKong. Service: Providing access to the Game managed by BitKong within the Website. Step: BitKong game of every level consists of 10 (ten) rows. Each row is referred as “Step”. Withdrawal Fee: Сommission payable to BitKong to cover expenses of the bitcoin network for processing a transaction. Ticket: Single complete game, consisting of up to 10 (ten) steps (rows). User/Player: Individual, who uses Service and agreed to the Terms of Use. Website: Website of BitKong located at BitKong.com Website content: All the text, graphics, video, sound, software and other elements of Website and the Game.

Grant of License

Subject to Terms of Use contained herein, BitKong grants the User a non-exclusive, personal, non-transferable right to play the game on his/her personal computer or other device (including Mobile) that has Internet in order to access the game available and described on BitKong Website.

The Service is not for use by:

  1. individuals under 18 years of age,
  2. individuals under the legal age of majority in their jurisdiction and
  3. individuals accessing the Service from jurisdictions from which it is illegal to do so.

BitKong is not able to verify the legality of the Service in each jurisdiction and it is the User's responsibility to ensure that their use of the Service is lawful.

Ownership of Intellectual Property Rights

The term "BitKong", its domain names and any other intellectual property rights (including but not limited to our title, trademarks, service marks, designs, logos, URLs, and trade names that are displayed on our Service, which we refer to in these Terms) used by BitKong as part of the Service (the "Trade Marks") are solely owned by BitKong. In addition, all content on the website, including, but not limited to, the images, pictures, graphics, photographs, animations, videos, music, audio and text (the "Website Content") belongs to BitKong and is protected by copyright and/or other intellectual property or other rights. You hereby acknowledge that by using the Service, you obtain no rights in the Website Content and/or the Trade Marks, or any part thereof. Under no circumstances may you use the Trade Marks and the Site Content without BitKong's prior written consent. Additionally, you agree not to do anything that will harm or potentially harm the rights, including the intellectual property rights of BitKong.

BitKong and its licensors are the sole holders of all rights in and to the Service and code, structure and organization, including copyright, trade secrets, intellectual property and other rights. You may not, within the limits prescribed by applicable laws:

  1. Copy, distribute, publish, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, modify, or translate the website; or
  2. Use the Service in a manner prohibited by applicable laws or regulations (each of the above is an "Unauthorized Use").

BitKong reserves any and all rights implied or otherwise, which are not expressly granted to the User hereunder and retain all rights, title and interest in and to the Service. You agree that you will be solely liable for any damage, costs or expenses arising out of or in connection with the commission by you of any Unauthorized Use. You shall notify BitKong immediately upon becoming aware of the commission by any person of any Unauthorized Use and shall provide BitKong with reasonable assistance with any investigations it conducts in light of the information provided by you in this respect.

User's account

Every user has an account within the Website. User may or may not Sign In (login) at website. Signed in users have the right to access more benefits at the Website, than not log in users. User can sign in using Facebook account.

If you wish to start making bets, you must deposit Bitcoins into your account from a source of which you are the only legitimate owner or use free faucet. After deposit is confirmed at Bitcoin Blockchain, it may be used to make bets. To make deposit please follow “How to Deposit” manual available at our Help Center.

Free faucet is an amount of bits provided to user for free with certain frequency. Free faucet is used to give new users a possibility to try playing the game with real money without making a deposit. Faucet is not designed for earing at BitKong. BitKong reserves the right to change size and frequency of faucet without notice.

To make withdrawal please follow “How to Withdraw” manual available at our Help Center. We have no limits for withdrawals. Large withdrawals may require manual processing in some cases. It may take up to seven calendar days. You may withdraw Bitcoins from your account as soon as your deposit have been confirmed.

User may deposit bitcoins into Savings account in purpose of earning interest. Interest rate is set at 8% per year. Interest is accrued on daily basis with daily interest rate equal 1/365 of annual rate, which is around 0.022% per day. BitKong reserves the right to change interest rate anytime without notice to user. BitKong reserves the right to stop accruing interest on Savings account without notice to user. All rules and changes to rules are available at website and it is user’s responsibility to follow all rules and changes to the rules.

BitKong rewards users for sharing affiliate links and attracting users to website. BitKong has one of the highest referral commission rates. User can see number of referrals and total commission received for them at user’s affiliate dashboard. Referrals become visible when referred user’s wagered amount becomes more than 400 bits total. Usernames of referred users can not be shown due to privacy reasons.

BitKong shall not have any responsibilities for any delays, game being stuck or frozen and losses that may occur because of that in the game. This can only happen in accordance with Blockchain malfunctions, delays or because of your computer/device specific reasons or internet connection issues. When you press button to play, your bet is instantly being processed on server. And the result is generated and fixed on server. If after game stuck, you refresh website and see you lost the bet, it means that the bet was a losing bet with no regard to the freezing. But it is also true if you win, with same probability.

BitKong Rights

BitKong reserves the right to assign this Terms of Use, in whole or in part, at any time without notice. The User may not assign any of his/her rights or obligations under this Terms of Use.

BitKong' management reserves the right to cancel or reject any bet. BitKong' management follows all bets and financial operations on each account.

BITKONG MAY SUSPEND, TERMINATE, MODIFY OR DELETE ACCOUNTS AT ANY TIME FOR ANY REASON OR FOR NO REASON, WITH OR WITHOUT NOTICE TO YOU. Accounts terminated by BitKong for any type of abuse, including without limitation a violation of the Terms of Service, the Game-specific Rules, will not be reactivated for any reason. For purposes of explanation and not limitation, most account suspensions, terminations and/or deletions are the result of violations of these Terms of Use, or Game-specific Rules. BitKong may stop offering and/or supporting the Service at any time.

BitKong charges a House Edge from the winning bet at the rate specified.

BitKong reserves the right to increase or decrease Maximum Bet at any time with no previous warning.

Warranties

BitKong disclaims any and all warranties, expressed or implied, in connection with the service which is provided to you "as is". We provide you with no warranty or representation whatsoever regarding its quality, fitness for purpose, completeness or accuracy.In no case shall BitKong be liable for any special, incidental, indirect, punitive or consequential damages arising from your use of Service.Regardless of our efforts, we make no warranty that the service will be uninterrupted, timely or error-free, or that defects will be corrected.You agree to the game rules described on the BitKong.com website. BitKong retains authority over the issuing, maintenance, and closing of the Service. The decision of BitKong's management, as regards any use of the Service, or dispute resolution, is final and shall not be open to review or appeal.You acknowledge and agree that your sole and exclusive remedy for any dispute with BitKong is to stop using the service and to cancel all accounts registered to you.

Your representations and warranties

Prior to your use of the Service and on an ongoing basis you represent, warrant, covenant and agree that:There is a risk of losing bitcoins when using the Service and that BitKong has no responsibility to you for any such loss.Your use of the Service is at your sole option, discretion and risk.You are solely responsible for any applicable taxes which may be payable on bitcoins awarded to you through your using the Service.The telecommunications networks and Internet access services required for you to access and use the Service are entirely beyond the control of BitKong and BitKong shall have no liability whatsoever for any outages, slowness, freezing, capacity constraints or other deficiencies affecting the same.You are aged 18 or over and that you are not currently self-excluded from any gambling/online gambling site or gambling premises and that you will inform us immediately if you enter into a self-exclusion agreement with any gambling provider.

Personal use

The Service is intended solely for the User's personal use. The User is only allowed to bet for his/her personal entertainment and may not create multiple accounts for the purpose of collusion and/or abuse of Website.All bets should be processed using BitKong’ software. It is prohibited to use any other or additional software to use BitKong service.It is prohibited to exploit any vulnerability of BTC or BitKong software for personal gain.It is prohibited to use double-spend transactions.It is prohibited to deposit and withdraw Bitcoins without making actual bets.It is prohibited to spam, write in capital letters, use offensive words and post advertising in emails to administration and/or customer service team of BitKong.It is prohibited to post false and/or offensive information about BitKong on external resources (forums, blogs, social networks and other).It is prohibited to deposit bitcoins on your account for the purpose of withdrawing amounts, which were not allowed to be withdrawn due to minimum withdrawal limit restrictions (BitKong prohibits to withdraw amounts less than 4,000 bits).BitKong prohibits player collusion and do not allow any kind of robots and programmed devices to participate in game play. BitKong reserves the right to void any game play which results from the use of robots and/or programmed devices.BitKong strictly prohibits self-referral activities like creating second and other accounts to fake a real referral activity or any other activities, that abuse referrals.

BitKong reserves the right to block any account without any notice due to any suspicious or malicious activity or if it was inactive for the last 6 (six) months.

Should the user become aware of possible errors or incompleteness in the software, he/she agrees to refrain from taking advantage of them. Moreover, the user agrees to report any error or incompleteness immediately to BitKong. Should the user fail to fulfil the obligations stated in this clause, BitKong has a right to full compensation for all costs related to the error or incompleteness, including any costs incurred in association with the respective error/incompleteness and the failed notification by the user.

No shared wallet

The User must not deposit Bitcoins to the address provided by BitKong from a shared wallet or any other address not solely controlled by the User, as any amounts sent back to the initiating address may not be properly deposited to the User. The User must not withdraw Bitcoins to a shared wallet or any other address not solely controlled by the User as any amounts sent to such address may not be properly credited to the User.

It is prohibited to share your account access details to third-parties.

Jurisdictions

Persons located in or residents of the United States and the United States Territories, or residents of the states(countries) where online gambling is prohibited (the "Prohibited Jurisdictions") are not permitted make use of the Service. For the avoidance of doubt, the foregoing restrictions on engaging in betting from Prohibited Jurisdictions applies equally to residents and citizens of other nations while located in a Prohibited Jurisdiction. Any attempt to circumvent the restrictions on play by any persons located in a Prohibited Jurisdiction or Restricted Jurisdiction, is a breach of this Agreement. An attempt at circumvention includes, but is not limited to, manipulating the information used by BitKong to identify your location and providing BitKong with false or misleading information regarding your location or place of residence.

It is your responsibility to determine the law that applies in the location in which you are present. You should ensure that you will be acting legally in your jurisdiction in using the Service, and you represent, warrant and agree that you will do so.

Terms of Use Termination

Without prejudice to any other rights, if the User breaches in whole or in part any provision set out herein, BitKong reserves the right to take such action as it sees fit, including terminating this Agreement or any other agreement in place with the User and/or taking legal action against such User.

You agree to fully indemnify, defend and hold harmless BitKong and its shareholders, directors, agents and employees from and against all claims, demands, liabilities, damages, losses, costs and expenses, including legal fees and any other charges whatsoever, howsoever caused, that may arise as a result of:

  1. Your breach of this Agreement, in whole or in part,
  2. Violation by you of any law or any third party rights, and
  3. Use by you of the Service.
Severability

If any provisions of this Agreement is or becomes illegal, invalid or unenforceable, that shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision of the Agreement, which shall remain in full force and effect.

If any provisions of this Agreement is or becomes illegal, invalid or unenforceable in any jurisdiction, that shall not affect the validity or enforceability of that or any other provision hereof in that jurisdiction or any other jurisdiction, which shall remain in full force and effect.

Disputes

If User wishes to make a complaint, he/she should contact our customer service team at [email protected]

Amendment

BitKong reserves the right to update or modify this Agreement or any part thereof at any time or otherwise change the Service without notice and you will be bound by such amended Agreement upon posting. Therefore, we encourage you check the terms and conditions contained in the version of the Agreement in force at such time. Your continued use of the Service shall be deemed to attest to your agreement to any amendments to the Agreement.

Miscellaneous

Nothing in this Agreement shall create or confer any rights or other benefits in favour of any third parties not a party to this Agreement other than with an affiliate of BitKong. Nothing in this Agreement shall create or be deemed to create a partnership, agency, trust arrangement, fiduciary relationship or joint venture between you and BitKong. This Agreement constitutes the entire understanding and agreement between you and BitKong regarding the Service and supersedes any prior agreement, understanding, or arrangement between you and BitKong.

In case you have found a vulnerability in Bitcoin or BitKong Website, please report it to the BitKong administration by email: [email protected]

bitkong.com

Bitcoin free - Bitcoin zdarma

freebitco

0.00000080 - 0.08048290click and transcribe Captcha1 hour0.00010000self storeYESYES BEST! Get guaranteed 0.00000850 free Bitcoins every hour. Multiply your Bitcoins playing a PROVABLY FAIR HI-LO game! Roll number 8888 to win the jackpot of 0.0001 Bitcoins . Get free Bitcoin ...

moonbit.co

5 min = 6 satoshi 30 min = 23 satoshi 1 h = 33 satoshi....click and transcribe Captcha5 minutes0.00005500self storeNONO BEST! Moon Bitcoin is a bitcoin faucet with a difference...YOU decide how often to claim! Whereas most faucets only allow you to claim once per hour or once per day, we allow you to claim as often or as little as you like* The faucet will gradually fill up - quite quickly initially but it will slow down over time - until you make a claim. So the longer you leave it the more you will be able to claim. You may prefer to claim a smaller amount every 5 minutes, or visit once per day and claim the large amount that has built up while you were away!

welovebtc

0.00000125 - 0.00001000click and transcribe Captcha1 hour0.00005500self storeNONOYou can claim a prize of 400, 500, 700, 900 or 10,000 satoshi every 1 hour. During some hours, every day, you'll get earnings in double! Keep visiting the faucet to get the right time! The rewards goes to your Bitcoin Address using FaucetBox.com. You can cash out it at any time!

datafaucet

0.00000100 - 0.00001000click and transcribe Captcha1 hour0.00100000self storeNONO Earn 100 to 1,000 satoshis per dispense! Get a dispense every 1 hours! No work needed - just click! Instant as soon as you reach cashout threshold of 100,000 satoshis

bonusbitcoin

0 - 0.00000200click and transcribe Captcha15 minutesself storeYESYES

dailyfreebits

0.00000100 - 0.00001200click and transcribe Captcha6 hourself storeNONO Claim free reward every 6 hours! Win 100 - 1200 Satoshi every time you claim free reward. Instant payments via Microwallet.org as soon as you reach cashout threshold of just 3500 satoshis. Get free Bitcoin ...

bitcoinker

0.00000100 - 0.00000600click and transcribe Captcha15 minutesmicrowallet.orgNONO

topbitcoinfaucets

0.00000100 - 0.00002000click and transcribe Captcha6 hourmicrowallet.orgNONOGet free 100 guaranteed Satoshi every 6 hours! Get free Bitcoin ...

freebitcoinwin

0.00000690 - 0.69348128click and transcribe Captcha1 hourself storeYESYES BEST! Get guaranteed 0.00000690 free Bitcoins every hour. Multiply your Bitcoins playing a PROVABLY FAIR HI-LO game! Roll number 8888 to win the jackpot of 0.0001 Bitcoins. Get free Bitcoin ...

qoinpro

0.00000250registration1 dayself storeYESNO With QoinPro you can collect multiple digital currencies at the same time. Simply sign-up and receive the free coins every day. There is no limit. Get free Bitcoin ...

bitcoinblizzard

various tasks1 hourself storeNONO

999dice

0.00000999 click and transcribe Captcha1 day0.00010000self storeYESYES The game is simple. Select your bet size and your chance to win. The potential profit for your bet will appear. Then place your bet, either high or low. A number between 0 and 999,999 is generated. If the number falls within the high/low range you selected, you win. We believe it's important for our visitors to be able to try out our casino. So, from time to time we will activate a bitcoin faucet. You can claim a small number of Bitcoins from the faucet for free. This way, you can try out the casino, learn the features and get used to the controls without risking any money. A claim can be made once per account, once per IP, once per 10 minutes.

bitcoin-free.eu

The BTC generator - Earn Free Bitcoins

Use your referral and earn more Satoshi!

Do you want to get free Bitcoins?

Enter your Bitcoin address to get started. We will send your Bitcoins there!

Invalid addresses will be considered as a donation.

What is The BTC generator?

The BTC generator is a special faucet because YOU decide how often to claim!*

The faucet will gradually** fill up until you make a claim. So the longer you leave it the more you will be able to claim.

You may prefer to claim a smaller amount every 5 minutes,or visit once per day and claim the large amount that has built up while you were away!

* minimum 5 minutes between claims per account/IP address.

** very quickly initially but it will slow down over time, click here for the actual rates.

No work needed - just wait as long as you want and click!

Your balance will be paid on Sunday each week if you reach 10,000 Satoshi!

No transaction fees!

Refer and get 25% of every claim!

If a user enters his address using your referral link, we lock that in forever!

Your link: http://www.thebtcgenerator.com/?id=

Use your referral and earn more Satoshi!

Actual rates

Important: These rates are based on the current BTC/USD exchange rate, so they will change over time.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a payment system introduced as open-source software in 2009 by developer Satoshi Nakamoto. The payments in the system are recorded in a public ledger using its own unit of account, which is also called bitcoin. Payments work peer-to-peer without a central repository or single administrator, which has led the US Treasury to call bitcoin a decentralized virtual currency. Although its status as a currency is disputed, media reports often refer to bitcoin as a cryptocurrency or digital currency.

Bitcoins are created as a reward for payment processing work in which users offer their computing power to verify and record payments into the public ledger. Called mining, individuals or companies engage in this activity in exchange for transaction fees and newly created bitcoins. Besides mining, bitcoins can be obtained in exchange for fiat money, products, and services. Users can send and receive bitcoins electronically for an optional transaction fee using wallet software on a personal computer, mobile device, or a web application.

Bitcoin as a form of payment for products and services has seen growth,and merchants have an incentive to accept the digital currency because fees are lower than the 2-3% typically imposed by credit card processors. The European Banking Authority has warned that bitcoin lacks consumer protections. Unlike credit cards, any fees are paid by the purchaser not the vendor. Bitcoins can be stolen and chargebacks are impossible. Commercial use of bitcoin is currently small compared to its use by speculators, which has fueled price volatility.

Bitcoin has been a subject of scrutiny amid concerns that it can be used for illegal activities. In October 2013 the US FBI shut down the Silk Road online black market and seized 144,000 bitcoins worth US$28.5 million at the time. The US is considered bitcoin-friendly compared to other governments. In China, buying bitcoins with yuan is subject to restrictions, and bitcoin exchanges are not allowed to hold bank accounts.

If you want to know more then check out the full Bitcoin Wikipedia article or watch the YouTube video below.

Do you want to earn more?

Moon Bitcoin Claim as often as you like... Get a small satoshi amount every 5 mins, or wait and get more every hour/day!

Bitcoin Zebra Feed the zebra and win up to 1000 satoshi every hour

Bitcoinker Pays out up to 600 satoshi every 15 minutes (average 300)

Land Of Bitcoin The biggest and best faucet rotator around - hundreds of other faucets listed

Best Bitcoin Faucet List A great faucet list - regularly updated with the latest high paying bitcoin faucets

Bit On Play Guess where the coin is hidden and win up to 1500 satoshi every hour

Pocket Dice Provably fair - first realistic bitcoin dice. Faucet provides free 1000 satoshi!

Pink Tussy Earn up to 30.000 satoshi every hour - immediate payments direct to your microwallet!

The Flying Faucet Microwallet faucet with payouts of between 100 and 10.000 satoshi every hour!

Pizza Faucet New simple-to-use microwallet faucet with BIG payouts of up to 10.000 satoshi every hour!

Free Bitcoin Earn 400+ satoshi every hour and gamble in the multiplier

www.thebtcgenerator.com


Смотрите также